Features 专题报道, Sharing 个人分享

青年用九宫格记录生活

林国豪 报道 照片由受访者提供

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用过社交媒体Instagram的人都知道,一般界面会显示用户最新上载的九张图片。设计指导林湧违(30岁)以此为灵感,开始利用九宫格来记录日常与所见所闻。

林湧违说:“2015年开始,我抱着实验性的心态去探索,把周遭看到的不同人事物,拼凑成类似漫画的九宫格图像。社交圈里的朋友都向我反映这样的概念蛮独特的,我于是制作更多新作品,它渐渐成为我展示个人作品的平台。”

林湧违的作品大量运用图片的色调、排版和空间为照片加工,在艺术的语言里,它的感觉就像“蒙太奇”,在同一个主题下,把不同的零碎片段集结在一起,表现一种生活态度。

说起生活态度,林湧违很多作品的灵感都来自华语流行歌曲。名为“等一个人”的图组,就是源自台湾歌手林芯仪的《等一个人》,也是台湾电影《等一个人咖啡》的主题曲。这个图组以黑白条纹作为贯穿作品的设计,表现图中两个不同男生在等待心目中那个“她”。

仔细一看,你还能看到桌面上的细节,等待有些时候像咖啡一样苦涩,也可以像芝士蛋糕拥有淡淡香气和甜蜜。这就是林湧违作品的奥妙之处,你总能从图组里看到不同细节,让你联想到自身的生活片段。

林湧违的另一兴趣,是画歌手的图像。在绘画时,他会全天播放该歌手的歌曲。“我在画孙燕姿时,把自己沉浸在她的歌声里,听了她的歌曲不下1500次。”

幸运的是,林湧违在一名本地电台DJ的穿针引线下,让刚巧在为新专辑造势的孙燕姿,看到林湧违为她绘制的图像,让他喜出望外。

为家人留下美好记忆

林湧违说,华语流行歌曲的意境丰富,容易让人产生很多联想和画面,这也是为什么他喜欢在创作时聆听这些歌曲。他所绘画的艺人头像,还包括卢广仲和张惠妹。

张惠妹的歌曲《身后》,更是让林湧违思考自己往生后的世界会怎样?他希望为家人留下的,是美好、灿烂的生活片段。因此,他希望通过所制作的图组,让爱他的人永远记住他。

林湧违说:“一开始,我主要以朋友为图组的主角,但从去年开始,我发现我也要为自己的生活做一些记录,所以现阶段的作品,主要是以我个人为主。”

为了让人们更了解图组的主题,林湧违都会配合图片,附上给他灵感的歌词。

林湧违说:“没有文字的图片虽然也很美,但我觉得文字可以让画面升华到另一个境界,更可以细品歌词里的内涵。”

想看林湧违的作品,可上网:instagram.com/ronlinrw。

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Food 美食, Sharing 个人分享

校园隐藏美食 2元半排骨面吃饱饱

林国豪 报道 照片由受访者提供

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超划算2元5角排骨面,就隐藏在新加坡国立大学!

位于国大科学院食堂的这家“中式面摊”营业超过30年,以“两元排骨面”闻名。最近食堂翻新,摊主为了不加重学生的负担,坚持将价格定在3元以下。

有学生说,吃上一个星期的排骨面也不觉得腻,因为食客能从多种面食中做选择,而且汤头没有加入太多味精,喝起来顺滑可口。

重点是,一碗2元5角的排骨面里头有五六块排骨,吃起来非常有嚼劲。

若想尝试更多元的口味,这里的学生推荐可点菜单上没有的“参参面”。除了排骨,摊主会添加鸡肉丝、蘑菇、鱼饼和五香卷,以及炸云吞,让味蕾大满足。

这个摊位一般午餐时间最多人,中午12时队伍可排上30分钟以上,但是学生们都愿意耐心等待,因为摊主的友善态度让人感觉出诚意。

食量较大的学生可要求添加面食或配料,每份配料只须额外添加3到5角,而且分量大,很有饱足感。

据知,为了降低成本和确保食物的新鲜,摊主每天摸黑到摊位准备大部分食材,尤其是云吞等配料,让学生可以在休息时间吃上一碗好吃的排骨面。

 

中式面摊

新加坡国立大学科学院食堂

营业时间:上午7时至晚上7时(星期一至五)

上午7时至下午1点30分(星期六)

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Features 专题报道, Food 美食

赴美学做糕点 圆一个甜甜梦

林国豪 报道 照片由受访者提供

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因为小时候常到食品厂,尤其是糕点烘焙厂参观,让林春丰(26岁)从小便对制作糕点产生兴趣。他不选择安逸的朝九晚五上班族生活,而是远赴美国挑战自我,提升自己制作糕点的技巧,希望学成归国后,开设自己的糕点专卖店。

林春丰在完成国民服役后,向父母提出想到美国深造的意愿。对从没出过远门的林春丰来说,那是他人生中最大的决定,父母也全力支持他。

林春丰坦言,他的内心对未知感到忐忑,但还是决定放手一搏,踏出舒适区。他报考美国烹饪学院开办的烹饪文凭,除了必须在位于纽约的校园学习烹饪技术,还得到高档餐馆实习。

林春丰目前在拥有“米其林二星”的纽约法式餐馆Jean Georges担任实习糕点厨师。他每天的任务是制作“小四款甜点”(Petit Fours),那是餐馆为客人精心准备的甜点。

他说,最难制作的法式甜点是梳芙厘(soufflé)。因为除了得拿捏好蛋白和糖的比例,整个烘焙过程,细节的掌控是关键。

林春丰说:“温度若控制不当,甜点在冷却后就会松垮,看起来不美观,所以非常考功夫。”

从失败中累积经验

每每把甜点“做坏”,林春丰都会感到心灰意冷。尤其是他从未接触过烹饪,在学习烹饪时,也遇到不少难题。

他说:“和其他有经验的同学相比,我的烹饪知识几乎等于零。对于好或不好,我完全没有概念,因为很多西式甜点都是高价位,我从来没有尝试过。但是我告诉自己,每天累积一点经验,总会学习到一些东西,重点是永不言败。”

林春丰每天平均花至少10个小时在厨房里,而且有时还得加班到晚上10点。长时间站着,加上须要时刻全神贯注,不仅考耐力,也考体力。虽然辛苦,但林春丰从不埋怨,反而觉得从实习中大开眼界,也学到如何安全、有效及小心地处理食物,并确保食物在端到客人面前时,完好无缺。

在应付学习和实习的当儿,林春丰也会利用私下时间,以水果、香料和茶叶做实验,尝试研发自己的糕点。

谈及学习的楷模,林春丰说,他非常仰慕美国美食家兼厨师艾丽丝沃特斯(Alice Louise Waters),因为她不仅能写作、烹饪,还是“从农场到餐桌”(Farm-to-table)鲜采烹饪理念的发起人之一。林春丰更难得在5月初,到艾丽丝工作的餐馆实习。

他说:“虽然是免费担任一星期的厨房助手,却让我获益匪浅。除了见识新鲜食材如何提升菜肴的品质,也学到如何保障食客的健康和用餐体验。”

压力大时,林春丰总会想起家人朋友。他说:“出国前,我时不时会煮给他们吃,看到他们满足的笑脸,我就会时刻提醒自己,那是我的目标,我要努力学习,让未来的顾客也同样享受这种品尝到美食的满足感。”

林春丰明年5月才会结束在纽约的实习。他希望在毕业后,能设立自己的西饼店,售卖拥有自己特色的糕点。IPEo1ZWK_400x400

Sharing 个人分享

学前教育工作待遇亟待加强

林国豪 报道 刊载于联合早报《交流站》

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因为在教育部实习,所以得以走访学前中心观摩,以及接触学前教育的教师。目前,大部分的学前教育中心不直接隶属于教育部,不少是以私营模式运作,教学程度参差不齐。

据笔者观察,不少学前教师是外籍女性,主要是因为他们都有自己的家庭,不是唯一的经济支柱;也因为不少从事教育业的中年妇女,在历经中年转行时,决定加入这个相对简单的工作环境。

不少人认为,学前教育大多是照顾孩子的日常起居,充当保姆或“奶爸”的角色,让父母可以安心上班。其实,学前教育已经不是大家想象中的简单。课程根据主题来制定,每个单元都有指定的学习目标,以及完善的教学材料,和中小学及高中的教材一脉相承。

一名学前教师的工作时间一般从上午8时左右开始,直到傍晚6时至7时,星期六也需加班备课。然而,和不少教育部的正规教师相比,尽管学前教师也需要完成一定的课程才可授课,但薪金和福利却不如前者。

一般的学前教师薪金不超过3000元,工作时间却长。这对于男性,尤其是有小孩的家庭来说,非常困难。这些男性即便拥有一等大学荣誉学位,对幼儿教育感到兴趣,但基于现实考量都却步了。这或许是本地学前教师以中年妇女为主、阴盛阳衰的主要原因,也让学前孩童接触不到男性教师。对于小男生来说,即便上厕所,也是由女老师来负责。

据笔者观察,不少人认为学前教师的工作范围简单,其实不然。他们耗费心思在教案教材上,所投入的心思绝对不比小学或中学,甚至高中老师少。然而,他们没有得到较合理的待遇,让不少人对进入这个行业非常犹豫。

总理李显龙在2017年的国庆群众大会上提到,政府将开设更多负担得起的优质教育部幼儿园,从现有的15所大幅增至50所,学前教育工作者的薪金也有望提升。希望这些政策能尽快落实,让更多人能投身于学前教育工作,尤其是优秀的男性教师。IPEo1ZWK_400x400

Sharing 个人分享

Pre-school educators in need of better wages, support

Lim Guohao, Published in TODAY‘s Voices Column

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The term “pre-school” is often misinterpreted as “day-care” for children or even a place that provides “nanny” services, even though there are pre-schools which offer such services.

I had the same misperception, too, that pre-school teachers mainly babysit the children while the parents are at work. However, after I worked as an intern at one, I realised that was not exactly the case.

During my internship, I had the opportunity to help out and prepare for various events, such as a Chinese language storytelling aids competition and a seminar for pre-school Chinese language teachers.

I was also able to talk to pre-school teachers and gain more insights into their working environment. Most of them were female foreign teachers.

The reason why some male university graduates hold back on taking up the job is because the pay is lower than what teachers who have gone through the MOE Teaching Programme are getting.

This may have caused an imbalance, where male Singaporean teachers are lacking in the sector.

Taking part in organising the storytelling aids competition made me realise how much effort the teachers put in, and witnessing how these storytelling aids interest the children also made me think that we should do more to support pre-school teachers, especially their welfare and benefits, so as to ensure that we continue to have high-quality and educated individuals, especially university graduates, to teach and nurture our future generation.

During a visit to a pre-school earlier this month, I learnt that a teacher works from 8.30am to around 6pm each day, and sometimes on Saturdays to prepare materials for the upcoming week.

The daily routine includes two shifts of lessons, in the morning and afternoon. These lessons can be highly interactive.

The syllabus can be complicated and detailed, clustered in themes, with interactive content and learning objectives, so the teachers often need to crack their heads to come up with materials during their free time in the weekends.

Early childhood educators have also incorporated critical thinking into the curriculum. Those who are polytechnic graduates are trained in childhood psychology and mental health as well. However, the salary that they get are incomparable with what trained teachers in primary and secondary schools are getting.

Given her eight-year experience in the industry, the teacher at the pre-school I visited is drawing a salary of not more than S$3,000, which is the starting pay of a university student with a good honours degree in another industry.

A Singaporean man who aspires to be a pre-school educator would be concerned that the pay does not allow him to support a family of his own comfortably.

The reason why some of these foreigner teachers are here is because they are not the sole breadwinner of their families, and they still find joy in teaching children.

Thankfully, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong has announced at the National Day Rally last year that the Government will double its annual spending on the pre-school sector to S$1.7 billion over five years until 2022. And a new national training institute for early childhood educators will be set up to boost the quality of teaching.

It would benefit pre-schoolers, I feel, if teachers are receiving a standardised education.

I do hope that these government initiatives will take shape as soon as they can, so as to encourage more Singaporeans who are interested in pre-school education to take on the challenge and not run away due to poor job incentives.

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Lim Guohao, Published in THE STRAITS TIMES‘s Forum Column

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Pre-schools are often misinterpreted as “day care” or even “babysitting”.

I, too, had this misconception until I went on internship and had the opportunity to talk to pre-school teachers and gain more insight into the pre-school environment.

One teacher told me she works from 8.30am to around 6pm each day.

The daily routine includes two shifts of lessons – one in the morning and another in the afternoon.

The syllabus is more complicated and detailed than I thought it would be. They are clustered in themes, with clear learning objectives.

The lessons are highly interactive, requiring teachers to crack their heads during their free time to think of how to deliver them, and come back on Saturdays to prepare materials.

The teacher I spoke to had eight years of experience in the industry, yet her salary is not more than $3,000.

This is one reason why many pre-school teachers are female and foreign – the salary is not sufficient for a male teacher to support a family, and the foreign teachers are not sole breadwinners.

We need to put more emphasis on pre-school teachers, especially their benefits, so as to ensure we continue to have high-quality and educated individuals to teach our future generation.

Thankfully, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong announced at last year’s National Day Rally that the Government would double its annual spending on the pre-school sector to $1.7 billion a year in 2022.

I hope this can be done as soon as possible so as to encourage more locals who are interested in pre-school education to take up the challenge.

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Critics 评论, Food 美食

南大西式料理很受落 用心摆盘价格大众化

林国豪 报道 照片由受访者提供

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注重摆盘,品质可媲美咖啡座,价格却非常大众化,一份纽约客牛排只需$7.50,这个开在南洋理工大学学生宿舍食堂的摊位自开业以来,天天大排长龙,甚至卖到断货!

曾在多家西餐馆工作的25岁老板阿光,在累积足够经验后,今年初决定自立门户,在南大13号宿舍食阁开设西式料理摊位。考虑到学生的消费能力有限,他把食物价格定在$5.50左右,但菜单多元丰富,包括烟熏鸭肉意大利面($5.50)、奶油培根意大利面($5)、三文鱼拼盘($7.50)、脆炸咸蛋黄鸡排($6)、意大利烤鱼($5.50)和炭烤鸡排($5.50)等。

当中,炭烤鸡排和三文鱼拼盘最受学生们欢迎,每天可卖出大约200盘。老板说,炭烤鸡排讲究火候,如何锁住肉汁,以及确保鸡排外酥内嫩最考功夫。吃过这道鸡排的学生都认为,这或许是本地大学学府当中最好吃的鸡排之一。

三文鱼拼盘的烹煮过程非常繁琐,因为三文鱼经水煮容易被煮烂,味道也会流失,所以老板采取50摄氏度低温烹煮的方式来处理三文鱼。三文鱼在烹煮后,淋上老板特制的两色酱汁,让食客在视觉和味觉上都得到满足。

老板说,因为刚起步,目前以薄利多销的方式经营生意,他不排除日后迁移到其他校园,或是开设分店,打造更舒适的用餐体验。

c@mpus特工最爱的一道菜是烟熏鸭肉意大利面。尽管客流非常密集,但老板还是用心确保盘中的生鸡蛋不会破掉或是被其他食物散发的蒸气把蛋黄蒸熟。意大利面与搅拌后的蛋黄形成绵密口感,让人回味无穷。

午餐和晚餐时段等候时间可达20到30分钟。

 

Western Cuisine Research Society

南洋理工大学13号宿舍食阁

地址:32 Nanyang Crescent S637658

营业时间:上午11时至晚上8时30分(星期一至五)

上午11时至下午2时(星期六)

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