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News 新闻报道

培养好眠的三大诀窍

翻来覆去,怎么样都睡不着?台湾精神科医师郑淳予在睡眠著作《脑科学博士的高效入眠法》提到三大诀窍,让你打造最理想的休息睡觉空间,快速入眠!

她提到室内温度一定要凉爽,最好是处于 20摄氏度左右,另外环境要昏暗,以及安静。

但是如果一整天下来累计的压力过大,导致内分泌失调,在床上翻来覆去,20分钟内无法入睡的话,建议要赶快离开你的床!

这么做,可以让让你的身体知道床只用于睡觉。在其他时候,更不要在床上阅读、滑手机,或是打电话聊天!

那这时该怎么做?你可以到书房听听音乐,看看书,或是到厕所走一走。有些人也习惯在睡不着时进食,其实也无妨,但医师强调要避免刺激性的食物,如酒精、咖啡、茶、可乐等。另外,不要大量进食,尤其是太咸和太辣的食物都不适合。

最佳的选择是一到两颗水煮蛋,或是一杯全麦麦片,可让你在饱腹后,回到舒适的床,安心入眠。

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郑淳予也提醒那些有睡午觉习惯的人,下午补眠要维持在30分钟以内,以不影响晚上睡觉的品质。更多内容可上网:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CARIhZD_snE

 

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News 新闻报道

点看历史:郑和七下西洋

林国豪 整理

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郑和七下西洋,除了有助于巩固中国与亚非国家的友好关系,它也给中国带来显著的经济增长,并对日后往海洋发展奠下稳固的基础。

郑和所处的明朝中期,正是中国独领熬头、实力雄厚的政治强国。明宣宗没有显得恃强凌弱,反而派遣郑和亲自下西洋, 采取空前的主动态度与邻近的国家进行沟通,并进行友好的交易。

在七下西洋的28年间,郑和船队走访了30国家与地区,如朝鲜、安南、占城、暹罗、琉球,并有始至终都奉行了“共享太平之福” 对外政策,与他国建立友好关系,成功树立起中国和平与友好形象,这对中国,在与邻近国家维持和平关系,甚至是现今中国推行的” 与邻为善, 邻为伴” 政策,起着重要关系。

郑和精明的对外贸易策略,如通过友好协商打通印度洋沿岸与南洋的航线,不仅让船队的贸易额持续攀升,更曾经出现货源供不应求的现象,使得国内必须提高生产率来增加货源,以满足海外贸易的需求——移景德镇为瓷器业中心、 苏州为丝绸业中心、松江为棉织业中心与芜湖为漂染业中心。

针对性及有效率的生产线大大提高了中国外产的数量,从而带动了官私工业和民间手工业的迅速发展。

郑和也在浙江、福建、广东三布政使司内设立“提举市舶司”,专门负责处理对外贸易事宜。这些举措,对当时以农业为主的封闭式经济时代,做出了巨大突破,成为明朝促进经济的最快途径。

为了制造适应不同用途的船舶类型,明朝推进了当地在航海科技的研发。郑和所乘作的宝船就使当时的一大创举,它的面积如同一个半足球场,长114米,宽46米;可承载上千人,载送量更达1000多吨。如此庞大的船只,在当时是前所未见,对中国更是一大演进。

为了使任务得以顺利完成,其团队在出发前,对东西洋各地海岛、扇形、山峡、水势、水文气象做深刻研究,并改良了中国传统风帆航行技术,将东南亚、印度洋北部和阿拉伯海季风区的季风作为航行的主要动力,并让船只能船行八面风。

在七下西洋期间,郑和更将航海路线与航海的活动仔细记载,将内容撰写成《郑和航海图》,如此举动,增进了中国对地理的认识。

郑和下西洋给中国带来了诸多正面的持久影响,它给中国日后海外贸易打下了强心针,更对中国海洋发展更是起着基奠的作用。

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News 新闻报道

21岁该有1万储蓄吗?

林国豪 报道

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通货膨胀率攀升,年轻人也有经济压力!不少年轻人透露,在21岁前若储蓄没达1万元,会感到担心。

omy针对30名年轻人做调查就发现,约60%的受访者希望在21岁以前,能有至少1万元的储蓄,才能让自己觉得有信心应付未来。

新跃大学经济系学生吴燕妮(21岁)说:“很多中四中五的学生在“O”水准考试后,就急着投入职场,没有做认真的比较和估算,因此会错过了一些薪金比较高的工作,这是很可惜的。”

南洋理工大学传媒系学生陆美珍(20岁)透露,她离目标(1万元)并不远,关键在于自己能够战胜不少的诱惑,并不随便把钱花在奢侈品上。

你觉得在21岁以前,该至少有1万元的存款吗?为什么?上《青春》(yzone.omy.sg)阅览全文并发表你的意见吧!Screen Shot 2016-06-27 at 2.44.11 PM

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Media Events 媒体活动 News 新闻报道

诺维娜未来将出现综合健康城

林国豪 报道

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即将在2030年竣工的诺维娜健康城,将提供急症治疗、中长期医疗护理和教育培训服务。

卫生部长颜金勇今天早上在陈笃生医院为健康城的总蓝图主持推介仪式时说,当健康城在2030年落成后,预计每年进出陈笃生医院的人流将会从目前的 1万5千人次增加到 3万人次以上。

诺维娜健康城的8个发展项目,分两阶段进行。

第一阶段的五个项目是:陈笃生教育与培训大楼、全国传染病中心、李光前医学院总部和临床科学大楼,拟议中的全国皮肤中心扩建工程和国立健保集团总部,以及拟议中的综合中长期护理中心。

综合与社区医疗护理部主席秦经智说,长期护理中心将包括托福园晚期病人护理中心,和一个拟议中的社区医院。他们将和陈笃生医院和仁慈医院相互衔接。

秦经智说:“因为我们能够根据不同建筑,不同的功能来分类,用不同的建筑吧他们连接在一起,那么这样刮风下雨,病人也就可以从某个设备走到另外一个设备,那么这方面我们也减低病人需要走的路程,在医院看病的时间缩短,也可以让我们照顾更多病人。”

第二阶段包括三个项目:拟议中的非卧床手术大楼以及专科培训大楼和另一个全国医疗中心。

健康城竣工后,本地病床数量将增加百分之25。其中,急诊病床的数量增加百分之12,中期疗后护理的病床增加百分之60。Screen Shot 2016-06-27 at 2.43.30 PM

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Features 专题报道 Media Events 媒体活动 News 新闻报道

征服美国死亡峡谷后 林义发挑战500公里义跑

林国豪 报道

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新加坡长跑健将林义发征服美国死亡峡谷后,计划再次挑战极限,在年底展开500公里义跑。也是新传媒8频道节目主编的林义发说,正考虑环绕新加坡全岛三圈,为慈善筹款。

上个月,林义发为了替志愿福利组织心建工程筹款,参加了在美国加州举行的恶水超级马拉松赛,成功在42小时又34分钟内,跑完217公里的路程。他也是第一位完成这个比赛的新加坡人。

死亡峡谷,单听这个名字,都会让人毛骨悚然。对林义发的妻子也不例外,听到老公要到这么危险的地方赛跑,心里难免感到紧张害怕。林义发说,太太起初不太赞成他参赛,但最后被他的努力和决心打动。

林义发回忆起比赛的点滴时说,整个过程犹如在和死神对抗。

林义发说:“我在跑到70公里的时候,我的肌肉抽经,而且我一直想喝东西,可是都吐出来,所以那个时候,对我来讲是很大的挑战,没有办法克服就必须退出比赛。”

林义发也说,这个比赛让他看到世界的另一面,也让他对人生有不同的体悟。

林义发说:“我们跑的时候四周都是山,当我们经过哪些地方,就觉得我们人很渺小,宇宙很大,教会我要谦虚,然后遇到问题就要去解决。”Screen Shot 2016-06-27 at 2.43.30 PM

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Critics 评论 News 新闻报道

动漫也有启示!“Akira”暗喻人类难改写大自然定律

林国豪 整理

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日本动漫学者白岩松(1980)将 “Akira”解释为“巨大力量与权势的源头”。科学家在介绍Akira的人物背景时,也将称之为“神的力量(Power of God)”。

参照上述的两种相近定义,《阿基拉》正是人类依赖外部的力量(尤其先进科技,如卫星火箭),来达成掌握权势的目的。大友克洋更是巧妙地在数个剧中人物的刻划上,表达人类对霸权的贪婪与永无止息。

Kaneda一直扮演着保护好友Tetsuo的角色。当Tetsuo得知自己拥有大能时,反倒指责Kaneda之前的帮忙,认为这些举动都是在否定他的能力的行为。对所谓一意孤行的“保护”,心存厌恶,反应的正是日本人民当时的心理,每人都对当权者感到厌恶,伺机击溃他们,将局面大逆转。

剧中也出现了变种小孩的身影。他们经过改造,拥有超能力,却已失去了人的基本样貌。纯洁幼小的小心灵,被大人丑恶的权势欲望,让他们成了牺牲品,反映的正是社会的腐败与人类病态的心理。 相交于宫崎骏纯洁、童心未泯的人物刻划,大友克洋要将孩童刻画得如此丑陋,目的在于反映人民无可救药的丑陋心理,以及对未来的绝望心态。

当整个东京被摧毁、全剧接近尾声时,Tetsuo突然说道,“I am Tetsuo,”暗示Akira已经被遗忘,接踵而来是Tetsuo的崛起,这说明人类对权势的追求,永远都有后人继承,对霸权也是永无止息的。

人类不论拥有多大的能力,都始终无法胜天。科技只是人类为自己制造的能量与对权势掌控的假想。犹如,剧中科学家无法对众多奇异现象进行解释,因为地球的维持,相信是由另一外部势力与力量来掌控与主宰。

天外有天,强中有强,人类永远不可能改写大自然的运作定律。

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News 新闻报道

5大最怀念的华语综艺节目 Top 5 Chinese Variety Shows that we missed!

综艺节目在新媒体崛起之前,一直都是国人娱乐的主要来源。90年代末至2000年间,是综艺节目的全盛时期,产量是目前的3-4倍(见洪铭桦报道:本地综艺节目 有史以来最低潮)。

国人又对哪些综艺节目非常怀念,我们整理出了5大最会念的综艺节目,你看过几部呢?

1. 搞笑行动 / 搞笑行动派

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《搞笑行动》从1990年启播,节目以诙谐搞笑的扮演片段为主,讨论的范围层面广泛,包括办公室政治、家庭伦理到社会现象。节目也制造出不少的经典人物,包括梁细妹、梁婆婆、垃圾桶、Lion King等,李国煌更凭借在《搞笑行动》的精彩演出,获得红星大奖的《最佳喜剧演员》。2003年和2006年的节目更大胆以LIVE的方式,直播1小时的节目。

2. 城人杂志 / 城人新杂志

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可称是最贴近台湾综艺节目的呈现结构,《城人杂志》采用的是All-in-one的节目格式,包含旅游、休闲、美食和时尚,让观众在30分钟内获知不同层面的知识。虽然在2012年推出《城人新杂志》,但节目并没有获得太大的回响,或许少了扮演片段,加上最近旅游节目和资讯节目的兴起,导致节目特色被削弱,让该节目失去以往的风采。

3. 爱上小红点 

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这应该是继《全民出动抢鲜玩》后,本地另一少有的大型寻宝节目。《全民出动抢先玩》限定2组人马在5小时的时限,沿途以问路的方式,让公众带领他们从起点,过关斩将,达到预设的终点站。当中有猜歌、问答的环节。而《爱上小红点》则以寻彩球和连线的方式,让参赛者和主持人全岛走透透,并参与和本地历史有关的问答游戏。观看紧张的游戏之余,还能温故知新,一举两得。另在2012年和2013年也分别推出《寻U先锋》和《先锋争8战》采用相同的呈现方式。

4. 创业无敌手

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一共制作了4个系列的《创业无敌手》,广邀艺人朋友挑战各行各业,并在两天的营业日力拼战绩。不少公众都趁着节目的拍摄,和艺人朋友拍照留念,顺道支持,是最好的outreach programme。然而第4季的节目,尤其在节目的“调调”上或许出了问题,导致收视并不理想。前3季节目的开场动画都一致,采用节奏快的开场和鲜明的调色,让人马上就register这是一个竞赛节目。最后一季的节目,改换节目主持人、节目开场和形式,让节目整个暗淡许多,但更重要的是,少了女主持人真的让节目“红”不起来!前几季的女主持包括林灵芝、赵彩菱和乐瑶等。

5. 摆家乐

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少了王禄江的毒舌和机智,《摆家乐5》感觉少了灵魂,节目也因此无疾而终。另外,当时电视台也推出许多spinover的节目像是《迷你摆佳乐》、《客人来咯》等家具改造的节目,让节目少了一份期待和独特性。但非常喜欢《摆家乐》的“毒辣”,输家直接搬走新添的家具,让人看了相当“揪心”。

其他观众们怀念的节目还包括:校园SuperStar/ 绝对SuperStar、爆笑新人王、周五娱乐王、强中自有强中手、也许或者有可能、不说你不知、HDB 太太、食福满人间、正是如此、物物大交换、爆料黑玫瑰和我爱水浒转。

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News 新闻报道

浅谈韩国早期电影史

林国豪 整理

1919年的《正义的复仇》应该是有历史记录以来,韩国第一部商业电影。这部由金陶山执导 ,是一部动态戏剧。它是以舞台和电影相结合的形式呈现。

由于二十年代能借鉴的艺术作品不多,韩国当时的电影被认为,不够艺术成份,太过戏剧化和伤感,只盛行两三年。当中比较“优秀”的作品应该是1923年由延百男导演的故事片《月下盟誓》。

直至1926年,韩国导演兼演员罗云奎拍摄的《阿里郎》,备受大众瞩目。它是一部抗议韩国人民在日本的殖民主义下被迫压的影片。这部经典影片引发了另外几部相同题材影片的数目,增至每年十部左右。

很难想象,80多年后,韩流盛行,电影工业蓬勃发展,素质甚至能以媲美好莱坞。有时间,不妨看一看一些国家电影的早期电影,你会发现,对比商业片,可以找到更堵哦精彩的民族和地方色彩。

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News 新闻报道

FB游戏邀请最叫人讨厌

林国豪 报道  图片取自互联网

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登入社交网站最想查看朋友状况,却发现墙上(Wall)贴满许多链接或游戏邀请。

omy访问一些年轻人,发现高达90%的人最不能忍受的是泛滥的游戏邀约。“社交网站上最厌恶行为”的调查,榜上有名的还包括“被不认识的人添加为朋友”、“大晒情侣亲密照”、“无聊的心理测验”等。

理工学院生沈如佳说,上社交网站主要是想知道朋友的近况以及更新自己的状态,而非成为朋友的游戏玩伴。17岁的理工学院生王瑞祥,曾遇过朋友一天哪发送10多则游戏邀请,他只好把友人删除。

仅有一面之缘的人,该不该加为好友?社交网站的厌恶行为烦人,但一些人为何选择“默默接受”?快上《青春》(yzone.omy.sg)阅读全文,也记得留言分享你最不能接受的网络行为。Screen Shot 2016-06-27 at 2.44.11 PM

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News 新闻报道

实习时间长 年轻人吃得起苦

林国豪 报道

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将实习看成“速成班”,追赶跑的生活,青少年“撑”得住!

每个月领500元薪水,实习生从早上9时上班,到晚上9时许才下班。日前一名工院生的家长因心疼孩子,致函向媒体投诉本地公司,常把实习生当“廉价劳工”。

omy就此访问曾实习的学生,了解他们的想法。虽然学生们都体谅这名家长的用心,但认为实习期间需要熟悉业务和操作,难免需要加班。工院生陆美珍说:“都说是实习,也就是我们并非专业,花更多的时间和前辈们学习,我觉得很值得。”

工院生杜蕙珊也说:“我不否认有些公司会把实习生当廉价劳工来用,我也听说一些公司为了节省开销,只请实习生;可是我觉得实习生本身自己也知道,自己能力不强,虽然工作时间长,但学到的东西一定会很多,这种辛苦就把它当‘吃补’吧!”

实习生不怕辛苦,却希望薪水可调高。还有学生说,曾在实习期间遭上司以成绩“威胁”。上omy青春阅读全文。
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News 新闻报道

“爱心天使”给学生送温暖

林国豪 报道  图片取自互联网

考试期间,不少大专院校学生会选择到学校图书馆温书,有时累得趴在桌上小睡,如果张开眼睛,看见一张写满鼓励话语的卡片摆在面前,还有一瓶饮料,学生会不会更有动力冲刺?

本地的独立制片人黄程瀚(24岁),自制爱心卡片,自掏腰包买饮料,送给为准备考试而埋头苦读的学生,给他们加油。

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今年4月,他在过大图书馆展开“当你入睡时”(While You Were Sleeping)的关怀活动,传送温暖,还把过程拍摄成短片放上网,短短5天就有3万人次点阅。

黄程瀚5年前因为朋友在考试期间的贴心送暖,让他备受感动,因此决定充当“爱心天使”制作爱心卡片和分发饮料,将感动分送到校园里。

为了筹募活动资金,黄程瀚盛夏午餐。他认为,自己的一点付出,若能让一个完全不认识的陌生人在压力中得到一点温暖,是很值得的。他也说,一般人认为新加坡人比较冷漠,但他觉得大家只是比较不善于表达自己。他希望透过这项活动告诉大家,关怀别人不但不是很难为情的事,而是很有意义的,可以给你带来快乐和满足。

传播爱心是,黄程瀚曾被视为是“怪人”。想知道“爱心天使”如何散播温暖,快上《青春》(yzone.omy.sg)看精彩视频!Screen Shot 2016-06-27 at 2.44.11 PM

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News 新闻报道

用手机apps掌握睡眠时间和品质

林国豪 报道  照片取自互联网

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你知道青少年每天需要多少睡眠时间吗?过去7天,你的睡眠时 间又有多长?据美国调查,青少年新陈代谢旺盛,只需要7个小时就可 恢复体力。

为了让年轻人洞悉自己的睡眠习惯,最近有科技研发生就推出了 一款全新的iPhone app,让用户能记录每天的睡眠作息,还能计算出 过去7天的平均睡眠时间。更重要的是,还可以分析用户的睡眠品质 !

这款收费0.99美元(约1.50新元)的“Sleep Cycle alarm clock”程式,在过去的3年内,蝉联日本、德国和俄国付费下载的冠 军,对本地年轻人而言,是否有同等的吸引力?

程序可能有缺陷 不可靠

有受访者认为,自己的睡眠时间固定,没有必要作详细记录。

学生卓猷俊也表示,年轻人过度依赖手机来改善生活,却忘了长 时间实用手机,当中所接受到的辐射,对自己的身体并不健康。他还 说:“手机程序毕竟还是会有缺陷,除非插入心电感应器和脑部的扫 描器,不然我觉得这个程序的数据,还是相当值得质疑。” 愿意付费下载 改善睡眠品质

初院生林玉珊(17岁)在网上阅读录像介绍后,也决定下载运用 这程序。她表示,这程序能分析用户是在潜睡、深睡还是清醒,甚至 以图表来呈现数据,非常有用。

年轻人会在乎睡眠时数和品质吗?他们会愿意花钱下载分析睡眠 品质的程式吗?他们还向记者透露,希望有业者能推出“分析情侣感 情”的程序,为什么? 快上《青春》(http://yzone.omy.sg)翻阅精彩全文!Screen Shot 2016-06-27 at 2.44.11 PM

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News 新闻报道

调查:本地华语电台内容重复   缺乏独特性

林国豪 整理

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电台广播讲究及时与创新,然而本地的广播环境仍处于稚嫩与停滞不前的状态,未能提供多元与广泛的电台选择与内容。

在分享内容方面,不少中文电台的主持人与制作人都会投向其他华人地区如香港、台湾、马来西亚,以及中国的新闻网站,获取有趣与新颖的新闻内容。然而,由于各电台的新闻出处相同,加上电台节目性质相同,以至不少在空中分享的内容,都会出现重复的现象。

例如,UFM100.3分享有关“十大大陆网络影片”的新闻,在下来的中班和傍晚班再次被重提。同时,88.3Jia的中班以及Y.E.S.93.3FM中班也几乎在同一时间讨论同样的话题。

据笔者的抽样调查,本地各大电台的主要新闻出处为(一)ETTODAY新闻云 (www.ettoday.net)、(二)NOWNEWS (www.nownews.com)、(三)香港am730(www.am730.com.hk)、(四)台湾苹果日报(www.nextmedia.com.tw)、(五)香港苹果日报(www.nextmedia.com.hk)、(六)台湾自由时报(www.libertytimes.com.tw)、(七)雅虎台湾(yahoo.com.tw)、(八)薯条藤(n.yam.com)、(九)MSN台湾(msn.com.tw)、(十)联合早报网 (zaobao.com.sg) 以及(十一)8视界 (8world.com)。

歌曲的选择方面,由于市场狭隘,加上本地中文电台的商家,主要针对的消费群为中年与乐龄人士(即25至60岁不等),不少电台都会在歌曲编排上,会纳入这个中年群体的阅听需要。这项举措却直接影响了个别电台的特性与独特性。

标榜着“顶尖流行音乐电台”的Y.E.S.93.3FM,原本针对的群体为15岁至34岁的年轻人,却在之后把针对的受众推后至18岁以后,以吸引更多成熟的听众收听。周末甚至增设“金曲Replay”联播4小时的90至2000年代的歌曲,以挽留较年长的听众。

此外,Y.E.S.93.3FM也在歌曲方面做出了明显的调整,除了主打新歌,电台也不时播出经典歌手的歌曲如张学友的《吻别》、刘德华《爱你一万年》以及齐秦《大约在冬季》以顺应较年长听众的收听习惯。

同样的情况也出现在其他电台,最为显著的是UFM100.3。原本标榜着“就是不一样”的电台,如今却因为年轻市场小,必须转型成为主攻中年听众的音乐与资讯并存的电台。

由于受限于商业考量,本地电台都选择随波逐流,主攻大众喜爱的内容与歌曲,较不愿意服务小众群体,进而产生内容被重复,个别电台缺乏独特性的现象。

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Critics 评论 News 新闻报道

蔡明亮刻意钻“洞” 重新定义完美

林国豪 整理

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蔡明亮在《洞》里共植入了五段歌舞的片段。除了作为过场之用,每一段的歌舞也表达了剧中女主角在各个阶段,于情感上的变化,以及和男主角的关系发展。所选用的五首歌曲包括:“我爱卡莱普索”、“胭脂虎”、“我要你的爱”、“打喷嚏”和“我不管你是谁”。

开场的“我爱卡莱普索”歌词唱到:“我有心事不用对人去倾诉,只要舒展一下身体, 我心里舒服”, 再现灾难引爆之前, 人们都是过着独立、封闭的生活, 认为无须与他人沟通,也能愉悦生存。即使有心事,也无可自我疏解。

在灾难来临之际,导演利用歌曲“胭脂虎”,来说明两位主角开始沟通的过程。彼此完全不了解对方、心中那把尺的量度也有所不同,因而引发误会。歌词写道:“不要再叫我胭脂虎,你也不是一个好丈夫,没有钱,阳光,偏还要吃醋,做人坚决太显糊涂。”这当中反映的,是现实生活中,人们常会犯下的错误,即是以自我的处境,来评断他人的作为。

电影的后半部分,“灾难”正式开始。主角们意识到心中的寂寞与无助,开始无限量扩张,他们渴望找到心灵上的慰藉,但由于女主角需保持矜持,她渴望男主角主动了解、接近她,而男主角也亲勤力地透过观察与互动,了解她,给予她生活上地扶持。

由于《洞》的节奏缓慢,也没有过多的人物对白,因此,导演为了让观众紧跟剧情,尝试透过歌舞及歌词,充当叙事的主要媒介,让观众了解电影每个阶段的拍摄意义。

实践电影一般具有晦涩、深层的现实呈现意义。与商业电影引人入胜的故事剧情、壮观的舞台布景对照,实践电影的受众,需是较为冷静、且具有一定人生历练的观看群体。

实践电影也有许多写意的动作或剧情。这在一般看惯好莱坞电影的现代观众眼中,却是沉闷、难解,甚至无意义的表现,然而它却可能是现实生活的最完整、贴切的写照。

人们习惯性地将视为好莱坞武打、动作、爱情及喜剧等片子,视为是“主流娱乐”,却忘了在观影后,对人生进行反思。而相对的,实践电影丰富的哲理、道学甚至是所蕴藏的一些思想,对针对受众而言,才是真正的“娱乐”。

随着人们的权力日益扩张,尤其在国家政策上的声音被“放大”后,人们将对自我的生活,进行更频密的审视,从而带动实践电影的崛起。

人的一生都不断地在与人沟通,只是每个人所采取的方式或思路都不同,我们需要以豁达的心胸,去接受个体间的迥异。只要付出心思,通过时间的磨合、彼此的牵就,必可达至真正的互相理解。

“洞”的连带词,都是较为负面的,阴森、黑暗、邪恶,甚至是一种缺陷。电影中的《洞》却有着正面、积极的作用。

洞越大,代表能传播的信息或事物就越多,它也暗示着两个人对彼此的了解加深了,可以互相走进彼此的世界里。

完好无损的事物未必就是一种完美,它可能意味着封闭、无法听取他人的世界。“洞”能让人更轻易地找到合适点,走进你的世界,它可能是你的兴趣、你的生活观,甚至是你与生俱来的性格。

 

 

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News 新闻报道

校园分发避孕套 能提高性知识?

林国豪 报道

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随着人们对性相关疾病的认识提高,一些国家如美国、澳大利亚,甚至中国,开始在校园内免费分发避孕套给学生,希望藉此提高学生正确的性知识。

我国一些学生认为,与其采用婉转的方式灌输青少年正确的性教育,倒不如利用“反向方式”教育青少年,或可得到更大成效。

陈柔汐(20岁)说:“青少年们好奇心强,希望知道别于课本的知识,就会胡乱上网搜查。与其让他们自行寻找,我想利用新奇的手法引起他们的注意,并给予正确的观念,我觉得这样的做法更实际。”

理工生庄惟惟也相信,轻描淡写的性教育对青少年不具吸引力,青少年需要接触“实体”,如亲自触摸避孕套等,才能满足他们的求知欲。

在校园内分发避孕套,会否鼓励学生偷尝禁果?你是否赞同在校园内分发避孕套?上omy《青春》看精彩全文,也别忘了发表看法!
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News 新闻报道

Censorship mechanisms for Online Citizen Journalism should be strengthened

Lim Guohao

What is online citizen journalism? According to media practitioner Rajan (2007), it is the act of self-motivated citizens taking up proactive roles in the process of researching, reporting, analyzing and publishing of news contents over the Internet. Its existence is also aimed to seek for independent yet trustworthy and expansive of relevant articles that a democracy requires.

However, Perlmutter and Hamilton (2007) have raised up that due to the rapidemergence of online citizen journalism, many countries including Singapore, are now facing challenges of coming up with a flawless censorship mechanism for online news platforms, to effectively control or suppress the releasing or accessing of information which may be deemed sensitive, offensive, distasteful, misleading or inconvenient to the general body of people, without depriving them from human rights and freedom of speech over the Internet (Zuchora, 2010).

Thus, to highlight the need for improvisation to the current “light touch” control mechanism for online citizen journalism, we will first start off by reviewing the effectiveness of the current media policies that are in place, followed by exploring some examples, mainly from omy.sg and stomp.sg, to illustrate the current online citizen journalism trends and overall growth. Next, we will also present responses gathered from our survey conducted with 120 people of ages 13 to 49 and omy.sg content Producer Raymond Foong Kim Ben, sharing their opinions towards the censorship mechanisms for online citizen journalism in Singapore.

To date, the Media Development Authority of Singapore (MDA), under the provision of the government, has passed on several policies and guidelines for local media players in creating clear operating boundaries, such that the four main aims of (1) protecting the young, (2) upholding of the community values, (3) ensuring sustained stability of racial and religious harmony and (4) the safeguarding of national and public interest are met. The relevant policies and legislation that are applicable to the current local Internet scene are Undesirable Publications Act, Sedition Act, Defamation Act, Internal Security Act, Broadcasting Act, Internet Code of Practices and the Computer Misuse Act.

Though tightly controlled by various mechanisms, there are still areas for improvisation to the online policies in order to ensure that censorship remains effective in the fast changing and rapid growing Citizen-journalism era.

Instill similar controls over TV news to online news

For instance, unlike the Free-to-air TV Code which specifies the news treatment requirements for news programmes on the television media, there are currently no similar comprehensive policies to regulate on (1) the way news should be presented, (2) what kind of news should be disallowed on the Internet, and (3) how citizen journalists are identified, other than the Internet Code of Practices to advice on the general content on the Internet. This in turn, gives the “purely-online” news mediums like stomp.sg, omy.sg, asiaone.com and razortv.sg large spaces for exploration, which may in turn result in a bombardment of unreliable articles on the Internet.

Furthermore, prohibitions that were instilled to the television and newspaper medias, mainly “morbid, sensational, or alarming details not essential to factual reporting should be avoided” and “reports on sexual crimes must not carry information which could lead to the identification of such victims” were all subverted on the citizen-journalism based websites.

Photo disclosure of identity for minors under 18 (refer to Appendix A) and complaints of other ethnic and religious groups’ behaviours (refer to Appendixes B and C) were published in high volumes without identifying who exactly are the uploaders for such citizen-journalism (CJ) news articles. Anonymous comments that contain vulgarities, racial discrimination,sexual contents and provoking remarks (refer to Appendix G) were also largely published on discussion columns that are bundled with the CJ articles.

Not only that, adapting from the Agenda setting theory (McCombs, 1972), the media also makes use of such controversial contents to attract readerships (refer to Appendixes D, E and F) in order to generate revenues. These articles are highly lacking of credibility as contents are twisted and sensationalized to capture the attention of the browsers. They were also presented in a biased and single-sided view, mainly quoting solely the uploaders’ speeches, thus not being able to represent the voices of the public.

More importantly, no verification of actuality for the mentioned incidents is being conducted, thus encouraging more untrue or fabricated news stories by anonymous identities to be published on the Internet.

For instance, the article in Appendix F states “M1 forces customers to give it high rating by making low ratings valid,” which could be a planned effort of other telecommunication providers to intentionally defame its competitor for self gain, since registration is simple and real identification are not required in both the registration process and for the news bylines.

In another case (Appendix H), numerous photographs of the world’s impactful events like the attempted shooting incident in America were published widely on the CJ websites. However, majority of such restricted contents were seldom widely distributed to the general public, which may imply that such reports could be the work of a media practitioner, forging his identity as a commoner to share such restricted contents, or for the purpose of spreading sensitive messages, without being penalized for abusing his powers as a media practitioner.

Thus, as observed from the above examples, a “light-touch” self-regulatory approach for Internet content regulations may not feasible or as effective in safeguarding the nation and public’s interests, as online media players are often caught in a dilemma between the moral values and ethics of a media practitioner, and the company’s monetary concerns. Thus, instead of having them to be indecisive over what contents to be omitted, a standardized plan of news handling may be what the online news industry is lacking now.

Tight controls to be instilled given high Internet penetration rates

On the other hand, based on the Infocomm usage statistics released by IDA and marketing research company Comscore (2009), it was found out that 35% of the local households own at least 1 computer or 48.6% for at least 2 or more computers at home in year 2009, accounting to 3,370,000 unique internet users or an internet penetration rate of 72.4%.

Out of which, the age groups of 15 to 24 and 25 to 34 are the most frequent users of the Internet. It was also found out that the leading activities conducted over the Internet were instant messaging, entertainment and news, which are equivalent to an average of 254 pages of content per month, or 24 percents of the total minutes spent on the Internet.

Furthermore, the research conducted over 120 individuals of different ages, also showed that 99.6%, or 119 of the respondents visited at least one news-related site recently, with 78%, or 94 of the respondents spending 11 or more minutes on those sites. Out of which, 56%, or 67 respondents visit such sites at least once or more in a week.

Thus, given such extensive and frequent usage of the Internet for news information, it was believed that the Internet would cause huge impacts on its users, in the way they think or perceive a particular event, trend or object.

Pfau (2007), theassistant professor of Communication at the University of Minnesota, also mentioned that, “attitudinal effects of media use often involve the way that media usageand attitudes interconnect, and that one’s opinions or emotions about an attitude object may be impaired due to media use.”

Adding on, citizen journalism websites like “stomp.sg” could capture a considerable 87,458 page views with 380 comments in a single article within 6 days of publication (refer to Appendix I), which such figures are near to the readership and circulation rates of our evening dailies, Shinmin Daily and Lianhe Wanbao, it further proved that such CJ websites have strong influences and attraction over its viewers.

And as technology capabilities leap tremendously over the years, the demand of spaces for public opinions are expected to increase, thus encouraging CJ websites like stomp.sg and omy.sg to tap on resources of social networks like Facebook and Twitter, in order to provide a two-way communication platform for both the users and providers, thus forming an integrated communication channel.

Such way of communication is especially popular amongst the young generations, as they are able to gather large support groups for a common goal in a very short time-span. This phenomenon was further supported by the survey results as 44% of the respondents visit CJ websites for online discussions and interaction with the users.

Thus, given a multi-racial and multi-ethnical country like Singapore, it is especially crucial and vital for the local government to instill a thorough and sensible censorship mechanism in order to ensure that the integrated communication tools are not misused, especially for propaganda purposes.

Suppress the formation of anti-social groups

For instance, the recent “Anti-Singapore action (Appendix K)” was a good example to show. The incident first started bubbling attention when the secondary student created a Facebook group called “Singapore Sucked”, which its hyperlink was shared amongst numerous users of omy.sg and stomp.sg through the discussion boards and self-help posting boards concurrently. The group capacity started growing, reaching 2,000 fans in just hours, as the secondary student posted sexy photos of MediaCorp artiste Jeanette Aw and ex-artistes Felicia Chin and Fiona Xie, insulting them for being “xenophilic”, which refers to admiration of foreigners or of anything foreign, instead of being proud of their own unique Singapore culture.

Not only that, seditious remarks towards Singapore’s National Service (NS) and education policies were also made, which very much aided this social group to be featured in the CJ websites’ headlines column, gaining much attention from both the public and the media.

Another example would be a racist rant by a 24-year-old Singaporean on his web-blog (Appendix J). The incident was initially made known to only his friends, until a citizen journalism website Tomorrow.sg blew off the whole incident.

The Singaporean described the man whom he met in the MRT as “smelling like he didn’t showered in years” and illustrated him by “wearing some really scary dirty clothes.” The CJ website duplicated sentences and keywords from the blog, combining several comments, and republished it on their main page, which then caused a public outburst amongst the browsers, especially the Indians in Singapore.

Thus, through the two mentioned examples, we are able to see the importance for a policy regulating strict moderations for such sensitive contents that would wound racial or religious feelings of individuals, as large anti-support groups can be formed easily through the power of such CJ websites. Moreover, gathering responses from the survey conducted, 82% of the interviewed public responded that, in comparison to traditional medias, online CJ medias have a wide freedom in choosing the information to be disseminated, and that more than half of them (54%) felt that there should be tighter controls over news contents that are presented on the Internet.

Content producer of omy.sg, Raymond Foong Kim Ben also raised up that “there are actually simple terms and conditions for the CJ websites users to follow. However, many chose not to, as by publishing these contents do not inflict their interests directly. Thus a tight control would be wise.”

Furthermore, given the media as a two-step flow of communication (Lazarsfeld, 1944), the information disseminated by these CJ mediums are often believed to be channeled or “broadcasted” through opinion leadership. Such leaders will make use of the interactive media, to “explain and diffuse the content” based on his personal viewpoint, in order to gather supporters of similar thinking, interests or personality. And when these anti-supporters gather and make massive negative remarks over the affecting party, disputes occur and this will ultimately cause strong disaffections and hatred among the different racial or religious groups.

As such, the “light-touch approach” only served as a “loophole”, for both the media practitioners and opinion leaders to gain advantage of. Singapore is still not ready to welcome a environment that has wide freedom, and that strong control mechanisms needs to be instilled to ensure sustained stability and the media continues to serve by educating and informing the public.

Thus, below are some of the suggested areas of improvisations to the current online policies.

Suggestions to be made to the current policies

Firstly,strict verification checks should be made compulsory when users are registering for an account in the CJ websites. Actual names are also to be displayed in the bylines of the news contents. This is to ensure that information uploaders can be easily identified when discrepancies over the published content arise. Take the former mediacorptv.sg (2008) as an example, the chances of a single user creating multi-accounts was completely eradicated as the system would reject applications with fake NRIC number and/or birth-date when verification are done across the national database. Users are also careful with what was being typed in the forum, as identification was made easy to the moderators.

By taking this step, we can also encourage responsible sharing of information, and prevent fabricated information by anonymous identities, especially defamation attempts amongst organizations or social groups, to be published on the CJ websites.

Secondly, the news control mechanism for television in the “Free-to-air TV Programme Code” should be made applicable to the online news contents as well, in order to safeguard the interests of the nation and the public, especially the young.

Such measures will eradicate news that may inflict privacy, or contents that may cause social disharmony from online publication, as photo disclosures of minors under 18 are disallowed, and commentaries over ethnic or religious groups’ behaviours and explicit contents of sex and violence, are expected to be handled with extreme care and caution.

Moreover, learning from China’s Internet regulations, the Internet content providers (ICPs) are also required to prevent the “appearance of politically or socially objectionable content through both the automated and manual means”. Any ICPs who fail to meet the requirements will have their licenses revoked. This measure will instill strong pressure on the industry players, as CJ contents disseminated are now required to be of high reliability and moral integrity.

Thirdly, similar to Taiwan’s Internet regulations (Chu, 2007), the CJ websites are required to label the different sections or web pages with label codes(S for sex content, V for violence content etc) in order to provide the users witha more informed choice.

Minors under 16 will also be forced to denial of access to news contents that have explicit revealing of body parts, detailed description to cases of violence or any religious and racial discussion that requires high maturity.

Though such measure can only restrict contents produced by local websites, the authority can however strengthen the Internet filtering system and family access networks (FAN) as well, in order to aid parents in better control over their children’s explorations for undesirable contents in the cyberspace. For instance, webpage access is denied if the filtration system detects keywords like “Sex”, “gore” and “pervert”.

Not only that, an automated list for the websites browsed will also be generated online via the providers’ secured channels to aid parents in effective tracking of their children’s movements on the Internet.

Fourthly, the CJ websites are to come up with an offensive wordlist to prevent any extreme word usages. This is because as compared to the past, the young generations nowadays, are now more open, daring and active to what they say in CJ websites and online discussion boards over religious, racial or ethnical issues.

Thus as media gatekeepers, the CJ websites can ensure that all the news contents or comments published are not being sensationalized or made hurtful to any party, by restricting any extreme words, phrases or vulgarities such as “burn in hell” and “hong kees” to be published. Also, manual checks must also be conducted by moderators to ensure that CJ news are factual, objective and not abusive, thus maintaining social harmony in Singapore.

In conclusion, given the increasingly high penetration rates and readership of citizen journalism news websites1in Singapore, it is undeniable that they have become an important and popular platform amongst Singaporeans to share, comment or judge over social, religious, racial, political and daily-life issues.

And as more new media services are being introduced and become readily available, online news websites, especially CJ websites, are very likely to turn into the “leading delivery infrastructure for mass media content” (MDA, 2010) in future. Thus, instead of self-regulation, there is a need for Singapore to develop a strong Internet censorship mechanisms, to ensure that the information collected are highly credible and objective, in order to protect the interests of different religious and racial groups, and more importantly, the young.

More importantly, for the fact that the Internet contents can be archived and retrieved indefinitely, it is important that these strong censorship mechanisms are put in place, so as to allow the current information collected be of important reference sources for the future generations.

1High readership rates of citizen journalism news websites: According to mypaper’s report “The Rise and Rise of STOMP” (refer to Appendix M), in November 2010 alone, STOMP.sg had gathered a total of 45 million page hits.

Written as part of the assignment for Ngee Ann Polytechnic’s Media Ethics, Law and Policy module.

Categories
Critics 评论 News 新闻报道

本地电视电台节目 仍缺乏多元性

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冠病肆虐,让原本收视收听率直线下滑的本地电视与电台频道,在人们宅在家时,有翻身机会。 然而,本地电视电台节目仍保持原状,缺乏多元性,多半以服务中老年阶层为主,或失去黄金翻身机会。

本地六家中文电台普遍上播放80、90年代,以及2010年代至今的歌曲为主,歌曲的重复率普遍涵盖所有电台,空中讨论的话题仍然是二手信息,即利用网上或报章等媒介为来源,进行二度讨论,并没有提供多元节目类别,或让不喜欢资讯类节目的受众直接转向付费或网络平台。

对比过去30年的广播中,数量极少的电台节目类别包括:游戏、相亲、爵士、针对性辅导、电台戏剧、理财、旅游、评论、烹饪、公益、实景、比赛等。 反观,因为冠病,更多电台主持人倾向预录个别的节目或单元,让整体的互动率大大减少。

电视方面,本地自10年前起,喜剧或情景剧已被移除,这却是电视观众的强烈诉求之一——笑声,即便再无厘头,也都能让一个人的心情变好。 对比欧美以电视主持人如Ellen Degeneres,和永远的经典The Andy Williams Show以及The Carol Burnett Show,这些以主持人为号召的节目,本地或没有这方面的意见领袖。

这不代表本地电视没有未来,或可开拓全新的版图,借鉴日本游戏类的节目,或是韩国的实境节目、中国的歌唱选秀类,或欧美的谈话性节目,但所有的节目类型比例应该平衡,非将所有的资源投入一种类别之中,或将让观众产生疲惫感。

外购节目是本地电视频道的致命伤,本地电视台习惯将英语节目带到台湾进行配音,再以中文配音在中文频道播出。配音不仅显得别扭,观众更会认为制作缺乏新意。

曾经在2002-2003年成为黄金档收视冠军的U频道,如今成了实验场。 大量的外购节目,或是实验性节目都在这里播出,让整体的市场定位模糊。 播出的节目也跟不上流行步伐,让人难以产生追看的习惯。

本地电台和电视普遍上面临受众和品牌老龄化的趋势,反观新媒体平台日益年轻和更亲民化,或将成为主流媒体生存的最大威胁。

Categories
News 新闻报道

关注各政党大选选情 年轻选民偏好新媒体

林国豪 报道

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除了主流媒体,新媒体是本届大选各政党进行宣传的新管道。不少候选人也通过了新媒体平台与选民接触。

omy学生记者在网上展开30人民意调查,从中了解本届大选,新媒体在在年轻选民当中所扮演的角色。

受询及是否有通过媒体管道了解大选的最新战况,60%的受访者表示,比起上届大选,这次大家明显较为关注选情。有受访者说,这届大选有更多年轻候选人参与,因为年龄较为相近,所以想看看他们的表现如何。

理工学院生林慧敏说:“我比较喜欢用Facebook和Twitter来跟进选情,因为他们的文字比较少,可能只有一到两行字,但可以让你知道最新的发展局势。”

除了能更及时获取相关消息,一些受访者也表示,与传统媒体相比,新媒体给年轻人带来更大的言论空间。

想知道年轻一代的看法吗?快上网到omy《青春》看全文吧!
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Categories
News 新闻报道

青少年如何看 争议性广告?

林国豪 报道

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如果一家公司以$10,000邀请你拍一支猥亵的内裤广告,广告将在各巴士站张贴,甚至是在网络上大肆传开来,你愿意吗?更夸张的是,如果公司出价$50,000,要你在电视上承认杀人,让你成为全民公敌,但实际上只是为他们的新产品造势,你愿意吗?

广告具争议性,你愿意接这类工作吗?

针对这个课题,记者访问了30名年龄介于15至19岁的年轻网友,了解他们如何看待游击营销(Guerilla Marketing)的新趋势,以及他们对于这种营销手法的接受程度。

理工学院生蔡志豪直呼:“只要有钱,我什么都做!”

学生张雁卿说: “我觉得一些创意公司玩得太过火,他们只想引起公众的注意,要媒体去报道,可是他们却忽略了公众的感受。”

理工学院生林宽源说: “我觉得他们是在‘玩弄’我们的感情。如果,有一天真的有大事情发生,我们会以为是创意公司的‘杰作’,结果酿成惨祸。”

想看全文,请上网到《青春》,欢迎你留言讨论!
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Categories
News 新闻报道

制作新闻 训练组织能力

林国豪 报道

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新闻短片制作过程,有如玩拼图!omy挑战你的组织能力,邀你参与新闻短片制作大赛!

惠厉中学学生张皓天说:“我没有受过专业训练,制作新闻很不简单,有很多步骤,还要顾及多方面,但我会尝试把它做好。”

由资讯娱乐网omy.sg以及丹绒加东女校联办的《2011年全国中学生华语新闻短片制作大赛》今年已步入第3个年头。日前,一场新闻短片培训讲座在丹绒加东女校展开,共吸引了41所学校超过100名学生参与。

活动负责老师李蕙冰表示,这项比赛除了能考验学生的组织能力,也能训练学生对新闻事件多加思考,为考试做好准备。

想更了解这项新闻短片比赛和当天的讲座情况?可上网到omy《青春》。
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