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调查:本地华语电台内容重复   缺乏独特性

林国豪 整理

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电台广播讲究及时与创新,然而本地的广播环境仍处于稚嫩与停滞不前的状态,未能提供多元与广泛的电台选择与内容。

在分享内容方面,不少中文电台的主持人与制作人都会投向其他华人地区如香港、台湾、马来西亚,以及中国的新闻网站,获取有趣与新颖的新闻内容。然而,由于各电台的新闻出处相同,加上电台节目性质相同,以至不少在空中分享的内容,都会出现重复的现象。

例如,UFM100.3分享有关“十大大陆网络影片”的新闻,在下来的中班和傍晚班再次被重提。同时,88.3Jia的中班以及Y.E.S.93.3FM中班也几乎在同一时间讨论同样的话题。

据笔者的抽样调查,本地各大电台的主要新闻出处为(一)ETTODAY新闻云 (www.ettoday.net)、(二)NOWNEWS (www.nownews.com)、(三)香港am730(www.am730.com.hk)、(四)台湾苹果日报(www.nextmedia.com.tw)、(五)香港苹果日报(www.nextmedia.com.hk)、(六)台湾自由时报(www.libertytimes.com.tw)、(七)雅虎台湾(yahoo.com.tw)、(八)薯条藤(n.yam.com)、(九)MSN台湾(msn.com.tw)、(十)联合早报网 (zaobao.com.sg) 以及(十一)8视界 (8world.com)。

歌曲的选择方面,由于市场狭隘,加上本地中文电台的商家,主要针对的消费群为中年与乐龄人士(即25至60岁不等),不少电台都会在歌曲编排上,会纳入这个中年群体的阅听需要。这项举措却直接影响了个别电台的特性与独特性。

标榜着“顶尖流行音乐电台”的Y.E.S.93.3FM,原本针对的群体为15岁至34岁的年轻人,却在之后把针对的受众推后至18岁以后,以吸引更多成熟的听众收听。周末甚至增设“金曲Replay”联播4小时的90至2000年代的歌曲,以挽留较年长的听众。

此外,Y.E.S.93.3FM也在歌曲方面做出了明显的调整,除了主打新歌,电台也不时播出经典歌手的歌曲如张学友的《吻别》、刘德华《爱你一万年》以及齐秦《大约在冬季》以顺应较年长听众的收听习惯。

同样的情况也出现在其他电台,最为显著的是UFM100.3。原本标榜着“就是不一样”的电台,如今却因为年轻市场小,必须转型成为主攻中年听众的音乐与资讯并存的电台。

由于受限于商业考量,本地电台都选择随波逐流,主攻大众喜爱的内容与歌曲,较不愿意服务小众群体,进而产生内容被重复,个别电台缺乏独特性的现象。

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蔡明亮刻意钻“洞” 重新定义完美

林国豪 整理

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蔡明亮在《洞》里共植入了五段歌舞的片段。除了作为过场之用,每一段的歌舞也表达了剧中女主角在各个阶段,于情感上的变化,以及和男主角的关系发展。所选用的五首歌曲包括:“我爱卡莱普索”、“胭脂虎”、“我要你的爱”、“打喷嚏”和“我不管你是谁”。

开场的“我爱卡莱普索”歌词唱到:“我有心事不用对人去倾诉,只要舒展一下身体, 我心里舒服”, 再现灾难引爆之前, 人们都是过着独立、封闭的生活, 认为无须与他人沟通,也能愉悦生存。即使有心事,也无可自我疏解。

在灾难来临之际,导演利用歌曲“胭脂虎”,来说明两位主角开始沟通的过程。彼此完全不了解对方、心中那把尺的量度也有所不同,因而引发误会。歌词写道:“不要再叫我胭脂虎,你也不是一个好丈夫,没有钱,阳光,偏还要吃醋,做人坚决太显糊涂。”这当中反映的,是现实生活中,人们常会犯下的错误,即是以自我的处境,来评断他人的作为。

电影的后半部分,“灾难”正式开始。主角们意识到心中的寂寞与无助,开始无限量扩张,他们渴望找到心灵上的慰藉,但由于女主角需保持矜持,她渴望男主角主动了解、接近她,而男主角也亲勤力地透过观察与互动,了解她,给予她生活上地扶持。

由于《洞》的节奏缓慢,也没有过多的人物对白,因此,导演为了让观众紧跟剧情,尝试透过歌舞及歌词,充当叙事的主要媒介,让观众了解电影每个阶段的拍摄意义。

实践电影一般具有晦涩、深层的现实呈现意义。与商业电影引人入胜的故事剧情、壮观的舞台布景对照,实践电影的受众,需是较为冷静、且具有一定人生历练的观看群体。

实践电影也有许多写意的动作或剧情。这在一般看惯好莱坞电影的现代观众眼中,却是沉闷、难解,甚至无意义的表现,然而它却可能是现实生活的最完整、贴切的写照。

人们习惯性地将视为好莱坞武打、动作、爱情及喜剧等片子,视为是“主流娱乐”,却忘了在观影后,对人生进行反思。而相对的,实践电影丰富的哲理、道学甚至是所蕴藏的一些思想,对针对受众而言,才是真正的“娱乐”。

随着人们的权力日益扩张,尤其在国家政策上的声音被“放大”后,人们将对自我的生活,进行更频密的审视,从而带动实践电影的崛起。

人的一生都不断地在与人沟通,只是每个人所采取的方式或思路都不同,我们需要以豁达的心胸,去接受个体间的迥异。只要付出心思,通过时间的磨合、彼此的牵就,必可达至真正的互相理解。

“洞”的连带词,都是较为负面的,阴森、黑暗、邪恶,甚至是一种缺陷。电影中的《洞》却有着正面、积极的作用。

洞越大,代表能传播的信息或事物就越多,它也暗示着两个人对彼此的了解加深了,可以互相走进彼此的世界里。

完好无损的事物未必就是一种完美,它可能意味着封闭、无法听取他人的世界。“洞”能让人更轻易地找到合适点,走进你的世界,它可能是你的兴趣、你的生活观,甚至是你与生俱来的性格。

 

 

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News 新闻报道

校园分发避孕套 能提高性知识?

林国豪 报道

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随着人们对性相关疾病的认识提高,一些国家如美国、澳大利亚,甚至中国,开始在校园内免费分发避孕套给学生,希望藉此提高学生正确的性知识。

我国一些学生认为,与其采用婉转的方式灌输青少年正确的性教育,倒不如利用“反向方式”教育青少年,或可得到更大成效。

陈柔汐(20岁)说:“青少年们好奇心强,希望知道别于课本的知识,就会胡乱上网搜查。与其让他们自行寻找,我想利用新奇的手法引起他们的注意,并给予正确的观念,我觉得这样的做法更实际。”

理工生庄惟惟也相信,轻描淡写的性教育对青少年不具吸引力,青少年需要接触“实体”,如亲自触摸避孕套等,才能满足他们的求知欲。

在校园内分发避孕套,会否鼓励学生偷尝禁果?你是否赞同在校园内分发避孕套?上omy《青春》看精彩全文,也别忘了发表看法!
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News 新闻报道

Censorship mechanisms for Online Citizen Journalism should be strengthened

Lim Guohao

What is online citizen journalism? According to media practitioner Rajan (2007), it is the act of self-motivated citizens taking up proactive roles in the process of researching, reporting, analyzing and publishing of news contents over the Internet. Its existence is also aimed to seek for independent yet trustworthy and expansive of relevant articles that a democracy requires.

However, Perlmutter and Hamilton (2007) have raised up that due to the rapidemergence of online citizen journalism, many countries including Singapore, are now facing challenges of coming up with a flawless censorship mechanism for online news platforms, to effectively control or suppress the releasing or accessing of information which may be deemed sensitive, offensive, distasteful, misleading or inconvenient to the general body of people, without depriving them from human rights and freedom of speech over the Internet (Zuchora, 2010).

Thus, to highlight the need for improvisation to the current “light touch” control mechanism for online citizen journalism, we will first start off by reviewing the effectiveness of the current media policies that are in place, followed by exploring some examples, mainly from omy.sg and stomp.sg, to illustrate the current online citizen journalism trends and overall growth. Next, we will also present responses gathered from our survey conducted with 120 people of ages 13 to 49 and omy.sg content Producer Raymond Foong Kim Ben, sharing their opinions towards the censorship mechanisms for online citizen journalism in Singapore.

To date, the Media Development Authority of Singapore (MDA), under the provision of the government, has passed on several policies and guidelines for local media players in creating clear operating boundaries, such that the four main aims of (1) protecting the young, (2) upholding of the community values, (3) ensuring sustained stability of racial and religious harmony and (4) the safeguarding of national and public interest are met. The relevant policies and legislation that are applicable to the current local Internet scene are Undesirable Publications Act, Sedition Act, Defamation Act, Internal Security Act, Broadcasting Act, Internet Code of Practices and the Computer Misuse Act.

Though tightly controlled by various mechanisms, there are still areas for improvisation to the online policies in order to ensure that censorship remains effective in the fast changing and rapid growing Citizen-journalism era.

Instill similar controls over TV news to online news

For instance, unlike the Free-to-air TV Code which specifies the news treatment requirements for news programmes on the television media, there are currently no similar comprehensive policies to regulate on (1) the way news should be presented, (2) what kind of news should be disallowed on the Internet, and (3) how citizen journalists are identified, other than the Internet Code of Practices to advice on the general content on the Internet. This in turn, gives the “purely-online” news mediums like stomp.sg, omy.sg, asiaone.com and razortv.sg large spaces for exploration, which may in turn result in a bombardment of unreliable articles on the Internet.

Furthermore, prohibitions that were instilled to the television and newspaper medias, mainly “morbid, sensational, or alarming details not essential to factual reporting should be avoided” and “reports on sexual crimes must not carry information which could lead to the identification of such victims” were all subverted on the citizen-journalism based websites.

Photo disclosure of identity for minors under 18 (refer to Appendix A) and complaints of other ethnic and religious groups’ behaviours (refer to Appendixes B and C) were published in high volumes without identifying who exactly are the uploaders for such citizen-journalism (CJ) news articles. Anonymous comments that contain vulgarities, racial discrimination,sexual contents and provoking remarks (refer to Appendix G) were also largely published on discussion columns that are bundled with the CJ articles.

Not only that, adapting from the Agenda setting theory (McCombs, 1972), the media also makes use of such controversial contents to attract readerships (refer to Appendixes D, E and F) in order to generate revenues. These articles are highly lacking of credibility as contents are twisted and sensationalized to capture the attention of the browsers. They were also presented in a biased and single-sided view, mainly quoting solely the uploaders’ speeches, thus not being able to represent the voices of the public.

More importantly, no verification of actuality for the mentioned incidents is being conducted, thus encouraging more untrue or fabricated news stories by anonymous identities to be published on the Internet.

For instance, the article in Appendix F states “M1 forces customers to give it high rating by making low ratings valid,” which could be a planned effort of other telecommunication providers to intentionally defame its competitor for self gain, since registration is simple and real identification are not required in both the registration process and for the news bylines.

In another case (Appendix H), numerous photographs of the world’s impactful events like the attempted shooting incident in America were published widely on the CJ websites. However, majority of such restricted contents were seldom widely distributed to the general public, which may imply that such reports could be the work of a media practitioner, forging his identity as a commoner to share such restricted contents, or for the purpose of spreading sensitive messages, without being penalized for abusing his powers as a media practitioner.

Thus, as observed from the above examples, a “light-touch” self-regulatory approach for Internet content regulations may not feasible or as effective in safeguarding the nation and public’s interests, as online media players are often caught in a dilemma between the moral values and ethics of a media practitioner, and the company’s monetary concerns. Thus, instead of having them to be indecisive over what contents to be omitted, a standardized plan of news handling may be what the online news industry is lacking now.

Tight controls to be instilled given high Internet penetration rates

On the other hand, based on the Infocomm usage statistics released by IDA and marketing research company Comscore (2009), it was found out that 35% of the local households own at least 1 computer or 48.6% for at least 2 or more computers at home in year 2009, accounting to 3,370,000 unique internet users or an internet penetration rate of 72.4%.

Out of which, the age groups of 15 to 24 and 25 to 34 are the most frequent users of the Internet. It was also found out that the leading activities conducted over the Internet were instant messaging, entertainment and news, which are equivalent to an average of 254 pages of content per month, or 24 percents of the total minutes spent on the Internet.

Furthermore, the research conducted over 120 individuals of different ages, also showed that 99.6%, or 119 of the respondents visited at least one news-related site recently, with 78%, or 94 of the respondents spending 11 or more minutes on those sites. Out of which, 56%, or 67 respondents visit such sites at least once or more in a week.

Thus, given such extensive and frequent usage of the Internet for news information, it was believed that the Internet would cause huge impacts on its users, in the way they think or perceive a particular event, trend or object.

Pfau (2007), theassistant professor of Communication at the University of Minnesota, also mentioned that, “attitudinal effects of media use often involve the way that media usageand attitudes interconnect, and that one’s opinions or emotions about an attitude object may be impaired due to media use.”

Adding on, citizen journalism websites like “stomp.sg” could capture a considerable 87,458 page views with 380 comments in a single article within 6 days of publication (refer to Appendix I), which such figures are near to the readership and circulation rates of our evening dailies, Shinmin Daily and Lianhe Wanbao, it further proved that such CJ websites have strong influences and attraction over its viewers.

And as technology capabilities leap tremendously over the years, the demand of spaces for public opinions are expected to increase, thus encouraging CJ websites like stomp.sg and omy.sg to tap on resources of social networks like Facebook and Twitter, in order to provide a two-way communication platform for both the users and providers, thus forming an integrated communication channel.

Such way of communication is especially popular amongst the young generations, as they are able to gather large support groups for a common goal in a very short time-span. This phenomenon was further supported by the survey results as 44% of the respondents visit CJ websites for online discussions and interaction with the users.

Thus, given a multi-racial and multi-ethnical country like Singapore, it is especially crucial and vital for the local government to instill a thorough and sensible censorship mechanism in order to ensure that the integrated communication tools are not misused, especially for propaganda purposes.

Suppress the formation of anti-social groups

For instance, the recent “Anti-Singapore action (Appendix K)” was a good example to show. The incident first started bubbling attention when the secondary student created a Facebook group called “Singapore Sucked”, which its hyperlink was shared amongst numerous users of omy.sg and stomp.sg through the discussion boards and self-help posting boards concurrently. The group capacity started growing, reaching 2,000 fans in just hours, as the secondary student posted sexy photos of MediaCorp artiste Jeanette Aw and ex-artistes Felicia Chin and Fiona Xie, insulting them for being “xenophilic”, which refers to admiration of foreigners or of anything foreign, instead of being proud of their own unique Singapore culture.

Not only that, seditious remarks towards Singapore’s National Service (NS) and education policies were also made, which very much aided this social group to be featured in the CJ websites’ headlines column, gaining much attention from both the public and the media.

Another example would be a racist rant by a 24-year-old Singaporean on his web-blog (Appendix J). The incident was initially made known to only his friends, until a citizen journalism website Tomorrow.sg blew off the whole incident.

The Singaporean described the man whom he met in the MRT as “smelling like he didn’t showered in years” and illustrated him by “wearing some really scary dirty clothes.” The CJ website duplicated sentences and keywords from the blog, combining several comments, and republished it on their main page, which then caused a public outburst amongst the browsers, especially the Indians in Singapore.

Thus, through the two mentioned examples, we are able to see the importance for a policy regulating strict moderations for such sensitive contents that would wound racial or religious feelings of individuals, as large anti-support groups can be formed easily through the power of such CJ websites. Moreover, gathering responses from the survey conducted, 82% of the interviewed public responded that, in comparison to traditional medias, online CJ medias have a wide freedom in choosing the information to be disseminated, and that more than half of them (54%) felt that there should be tighter controls over news contents that are presented on the Internet.

Content producer of omy.sg, Raymond Foong Kim Ben also raised up that “there are actually simple terms and conditions for the CJ websites users to follow. However, many chose not to, as by publishing these contents do not inflict their interests directly. Thus a tight control would be wise.”

Furthermore, given the media as a two-step flow of communication (Lazarsfeld, 1944), the information disseminated by these CJ mediums are often believed to be channeled or “broadcasted” through opinion leadership. Such leaders will make use of the interactive media, to “explain and diffuse the content” based on his personal viewpoint, in order to gather supporters of similar thinking, interests or personality. And when these anti-supporters gather and make massive negative remarks over the affecting party, disputes occur and this will ultimately cause strong disaffections and hatred among the different racial or religious groups.

As such, the “light-touch approach” only served as a “loophole”, for both the media practitioners and opinion leaders to gain advantage of. Singapore is still not ready to welcome a environment that has wide freedom, and that strong control mechanisms needs to be instilled to ensure sustained stability and the media continues to serve by educating and informing the public.

Thus, below are some of the suggested areas of improvisations to the current online policies.

Suggestions to be made to the current policies

Firstly,strict verification checks should be made compulsory when users are registering for an account in the CJ websites. Actual names are also to be displayed in the bylines of the news contents. This is to ensure that information uploaders can be easily identified when discrepancies over the published content arise. Take the former mediacorptv.sg (2008) as an example, the chances of a single user creating multi-accounts was completely eradicated as the system would reject applications with fake NRIC number and/or birth-date when verification are done across the national database. Users are also careful with what was being typed in the forum, as identification was made easy to the moderators.

By taking this step, we can also encourage responsible sharing of information, and prevent fabricated information by anonymous identities, especially defamation attempts amongst organizations or social groups, to be published on the CJ websites.

Secondly, the news control mechanism for television in the “Free-to-air TV Programme Code” should be made applicable to the online news contents as well, in order to safeguard the interests of the nation and the public, especially the young.

Such measures will eradicate news that may inflict privacy, or contents that may cause social disharmony from online publication, as photo disclosures of minors under 18 are disallowed, and commentaries over ethnic or religious groups’ behaviours and explicit contents of sex and violence, are expected to be handled with extreme care and caution.

Moreover, learning from China’s Internet regulations, the Internet content providers (ICPs) are also required to prevent the “appearance of politically or socially objectionable content through both the automated and manual means”. Any ICPs who fail to meet the requirements will have their licenses revoked. This measure will instill strong pressure on the industry players, as CJ contents disseminated are now required to be of high reliability and moral integrity.

Thirdly, similar to Taiwan’s Internet regulations (Chu, 2007), the CJ websites are required to label the different sections or web pages with label codes(S for sex content, V for violence content etc) in order to provide the users witha more informed choice.

Minors under 16 will also be forced to denial of access to news contents that have explicit revealing of body parts, detailed description to cases of violence or any religious and racial discussion that requires high maturity.

Though such measure can only restrict contents produced by local websites, the authority can however strengthen the Internet filtering system and family access networks (FAN) as well, in order to aid parents in better control over their children’s explorations for undesirable contents in the cyberspace. For instance, webpage access is denied if the filtration system detects keywords like “Sex”, “gore” and “pervert”.

Not only that, an automated list for the websites browsed will also be generated online via the providers’ secured channels to aid parents in effective tracking of their children’s movements on the Internet.

Fourthly, the CJ websites are to come up with an offensive wordlist to prevent any extreme word usages. This is because as compared to the past, the young generations nowadays, are now more open, daring and active to what they say in CJ websites and online discussion boards over religious, racial or ethnical issues.

Thus as media gatekeepers, the CJ websites can ensure that all the news contents or comments published are not being sensationalized or made hurtful to any party, by restricting any extreme words, phrases or vulgarities such as “burn in hell” and “hong kees” to be published. Also, manual checks must also be conducted by moderators to ensure that CJ news are factual, objective and not abusive, thus maintaining social harmony in Singapore.

In conclusion, given the increasingly high penetration rates and readership of citizen journalism news websites1in Singapore, it is undeniable that they have become an important and popular platform amongst Singaporeans to share, comment or judge over social, religious, racial, political and daily-life issues.

And as more new media services are being introduced and become readily available, online news websites, especially CJ websites, are very likely to turn into the “leading delivery infrastructure for mass media content” (MDA, 2010) in future. Thus, instead of self-regulation, there is a need for Singapore to develop a strong Internet censorship mechanisms, to ensure that the information collected are highly credible and objective, in order to protect the interests of different religious and racial groups, and more importantly, the young.

More importantly, for the fact that the Internet contents can be archived and retrieved indefinitely, it is important that these strong censorship mechanisms are put in place, so as to allow the current information collected be of important reference sources for the future generations.

1High readership rates of citizen journalism news websites: According to mypaper’s report “The Rise and Rise of STOMP” (refer to Appendix M), in November 2010 alone, STOMP.sg had gathered a total of 45 million page hits.

Written as part of the assignment for Ngee Ann Polytechnic’s Media Ethics, Law and Policy module.

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Critics 评论 News 新闻报道

本地电视电台节目 仍缺乏多元性

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冠病肆虐,让原本收视收听率直线下滑的本地电视与电台频道,在人们宅在家时,有翻身机会。 然而,本地电视电台节目仍保持原状,缺乏多元性,多半以服务中老年阶层为主,或失去黄金翻身机会。

本地六家中文电台普遍上播放80、90年代,以及2010年代至今的歌曲为主,歌曲的重复率普遍涵盖所有电台,空中讨论的话题仍然是二手信息,即利用网上或报章等媒介为来源,进行二度讨论,并没有提供多元节目类别,或让不喜欢资讯类节目的受众直接转向付费或网络平台。

对比过去30年的广播中,数量极少的电台节目类别包括:游戏、相亲、爵士、针对性辅导、电台戏剧、理财、旅游、评论、烹饪、公益、实景、比赛等。 反观,因为冠病,更多电台主持人倾向预录个别的节目或单元,让整体的互动率大大减少。

电视方面,本地自10年前起,喜剧或情景剧已被移除,这却是电视观众的强烈诉求之一——笑声,即便再无厘头,也都能让一个人的心情变好。 对比欧美以电视主持人如Ellen Degeneres,和永远的经典The Andy Williams Show以及The Carol Burnett Show,这些以主持人为号召的节目,本地或没有这方面的意见领袖。

这不代表本地电视没有未来,或可开拓全新的版图,借鉴日本游戏类的节目,或是韩国的实境节目、中国的歌唱选秀类,或欧美的谈话性节目,但所有的节目类型比例应该平衡,非将所有的资源投入一种类别之中,或将让观众产生疲惫感。

外购节目是本地电视频道的致命伤,本地电视台习惯将英语节目带到台湾进行配音,再以中文配音在中文频道播出。配音不仅显得别扭,观众更会认为制作缺乏新意。

曾经在2002-2003年成为黄金档收视冠军的U频道,如今成了实验场。 大量的外购节目,或是实验性节目都在这里播出,让整体的市场定位模糊。 播出的节目也跟不上流行步伐,让人难以产生追看的习惯。

本地电台和电视普遍上面临受众和品牌老龄化的趋势,反观新媒体平台日益年轻和更亲民化,或将成为主流媒体生存的最大威胁。

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关注各政党大选选情 年轻选民偏好新媒体

林国豪 报道

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除了主流媒体,新媒体是本届大选各政党进行宣传的新管道。不少候选人也通过了新媒体平台与选民接触。

omy学生记者在网上展开30人民意调查,从中了解本届大选,新媒体在在年轻选民当中所扮演的角色。

受询及是否有通过媒体管道了解大选的最新战况,60%的受访者表示,比起上届大选,这次大家明显较为关注选情。有受访者说,这届大选有更多年轻候选人参与,因为年龄较为相近,所以想看看他们的表现如何。

理工学院生林慧敏说:“我比较喜欢用Facebook和Twitter来跟进选情,因为他们的文字比较少,可能只有一到两行字,但可以让你知道最新的发展局势。”

除了能更及时获取相关消息,一些受访者也表示,与传统媒体相比,新媒体给年轻人带来更大的言论空间。

想知道年轻一代的看法吗?快上网到omy《青春》看全文吧!
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青少年如何看 争议性广告?

林国豪 报道

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如果一家公司以$10,000邀请你拍一支猥亵的内裤广告,广告将在各巴士站张贴,甚至是在网络上大肆传开来,你愿意吗?更夸张的是,如果公司出价$50,000,要你在电视上承认杀人,让你成为全民公敌,但实际上只是为他们的新产品造势,你愿意吗?

广告具争议性,你愿意接这类工作吗?

针对这个课题,记者访问了30名年龄介于15至19岁的年轻网友,了解他们如何看待游击营销(Guerilla Marketing)的新趋势,以及他们对于这种营销手法的接受程度。

理工学院生蔡志豪直呼:“只要有钱,我什么都做!”

学生张雁卿说: “我觉得一些创意公司玩得太过火,他们只想引起公众的注意,要媒体去报道,可是他们却忽略了公众的感受。”

理工学院生林宽源说: “我觉得他们是在‘玩弄’我们的感情。如果,有一天真的有大事情发生,我们会以为是创意公司的‘杰作’,结果酿成惨祸。”

想看全文,请上网到《青春》,欢迎你留言讨论!
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制作新闻 训练组织能力

林国豪 报道

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新闻短片制作过程,有如玩拼图!omy挑战你的组织能力,邀你参与新闻短片制作大赛!

惠厉中学学生张皓天说:“我没有受过专业训练,制作新闻很不简单,有很多步骤,还要顾及多方面,但我会尝试把它做好。”

由资讯娱乐网omy.sg以及丹绒加东女校联办的《2011年全国中学生华语新闻短片制作大赛》今年已步入第3个年头。日前,一场新闻短片培训讲座在丹绒加东女校展开,共吸引了41所学校超过100名学生参与。

活动负责老师李蕙冰表示,这项比赛除了能考验学生的组织能力,也能训练学生对新闻事件多加思考,为考试做好准备。

想更了解这项新闻短片比赛和当天的讲座情况?可上网到omy《青春》。
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Accusation of devaluation of Yuan to stimulate exports

Lim Guohao

The accusation of China’s devaluation of Yuan to stimulate exports and the depreciation of US dollars have caused severe trade imbalance across the world (Abbugao, 2010).

On one hand, the priority concern of the US is that the persistent Chinese currency devaluation and cheap goods market will directly obstruct US and the world’s economic growth by lowering the cost of all primary factors of production. Thus, a further US$600-billion injection into the US economy has been proposed to further strengthen the US economy.

However, Abbugao (2010) argued that such movement could cause a repeat of the 1997-98 recession crises. As active shareholders of the US Treasury Bills, Asian countries feared that they would be expecting to face an unprecedented wave of hyperinflation as they fight to tackle currency surplus if US dollars continues to depreciate sharply (Wheatley, 2010).

Not only that, global stagflation will then be eventuated, resulting in high unemployment rates. Millions of people will then find the cost of food, shelter and healthcare unaffordable. Much more, according to the data released by the Global Times, if the Chinese Yuan were to reduce by 1 percent, more than 800,000 people in China will find themselves unemployed and unsheltered, which will then ignite severe social problems.

Thus, given the direct correlation between unemployment and mortality as raised by Schoeni (2010), it was predicted that countries would find it harder to feed its people, stoking starvation, eviction and the spread of fatal illnesses, ultimately leading to an increase of death rates.

Narcissistic approaches to economic reforms will escalate tension amongst countries, as each vies to achieve greatest benefits from the global economy. While top concerns are placed on economy upturns, I feel that countries should also pay close attention to domestic and foreign inflations, as any incendiary policies implemented would mean detriments to our global economy.

For instance, the devaluation of Chinese Yuan and depreciation of US dollar could set off trade imbalances and competitive global devaluation trends, leading to massive deficits in global currency exchange rates, thus discouraging investments and creating sluggish markets.

When such situations occur, costs of production will rise and firms are forced to retrench workers to prevent losses. With rising unemployment, basic necessities become unaffordable and it may lead to greater crime rates, causing social disorder.

More importantly, developing countries will be forced to lower exports prices in order to maintain price competitiveness. Lesser returns will be yielded, thus hindering economic growth, and harder to catch up with the global financial pace.

For tertiary students like us, massive inflationary rates will also cause impending impacts; steep rises in tuition fees and living costs leading to greater financial burden.

Hence, there is seemingly little of what developing nations can do, the decision all now lies with the superpowers, America and China, to decide the future of our global integrated economies.

However, as future leaders, we can make use of social media to reach out to the masses, by setting up “Superpowers, spare a dollar for the World” fan-pages on Facebook to gather at least 100,000 supporters so that it will be newsworthy for the traditional media, thus allowing the US and China government to gain greater awareness about this pressing situation.

Ultimately, money is nothing but paper. It is the right human mindset that is most critical for survival, not economy.

Written as part of the assignment for Ngee Ann Polytechnic’s Global Issues: Singapore Perspectives module.

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New Media is the future to mass communication?

Lim Guohao

The new media communications revolution is changing every facet of our lives. Unlike traditional mediums such as newspapers, TV and the radio, new media allows a two-way flow of communication whereby users can comment, judge, discuss and share contents uploaded on the Internet effortlessly and instantaneously, using both named and anonymous identities.

Media practitioner Moussly (2011) has also pointed out that readers of the present news generation are not just purely active producers of the repurposed contents, they are also “capable of physically capturing events the corporate media might or choose to miss, in times of crisis” (¶ 8).

Furthermore, given the features of anonymity, timeliness, and high interactivity, new media is able to grant us greater freedom of speech and power to influence, which will allow it play a crucial role in the dissemination of contents in future.

A prime example to illustrate how new media was used as a vital communication tool, would be the recent Tunisia incident.

It was reported by Al Jazeera, the most influential Arabic news network, that the Tunisians were making use of social media networks like Youtube and blogs to hold protests over the dramatic death of a university student, whose actions were believed to be driven by the chaotic political situation in Tunisia.

Not only that, live coverage of protests and speeches, were made possible with the aid of such social media platforms. Facebook and Twitter groups were also created to keep the thousands of participants updated about the developments and mobility for subsequent actions (Miladi, 2011).

Such efforts then attracted international media attention, and followed by strong international public opinions, which propelled the local government to swiftly kick-start development projects to improve the country’s devastating situation.

Hence, from the case of Tunisia, we can see that new media has been an effective tool in raising global awareness of a dire situation, which ultimately led to a solution.

Similarly, in the context of Singapore, new media can be used as a communication tool between the government and its people, especially for the implementation of new regulations and policies. The set-up of the Facebook group “Reach Singapore” represents the government’s significant efforts to gather public opinions.

Some examples are the discussions on the recent property cooling measures and the Bill on re-employment of Older Workers. People are able to comment or provide constructive feedback about these issues through web texts and video discussions with the Parliament members in the mentioned social media sites.

In addition, the government is also allowing political videos and campaign materials for the coming General Elections to be published online. The Facebook group “Vote for change, Vote the PAP out” which attracted near to 7,000 members within a short time, has once again proved the strong influential powers new media has on the general public (Tan, 2010).

The effectiveness of New Media is better enhanced through a recent research by Nielsen (2011) that more than half of the Singapore population is actively participating in at least one social media platform in their daily lives (Shafawi, 2011).

Thus, with such high penetration rates, it is believed that the new media could create a “network effect”, fostering bonding and trust among the authorities and the people through intensive web interactions (Lievrouw & Livingstone, 2002).

However, sociologists argued that the abundance of digital data might cause the problem of information overload. A study conducted over Yahoo have presented that 70% of the respondents admit to spending valuable hours sifting through less-credible or irrelevant contents (Miller, 2009).

As a frequent web user, I do encounter such situations. However, such problems can be resolved by questioning ourselves whether the sources we use have any underlying motives, or if the organization has any affiliations with the government or the opposing party.

More importantly, as responsible new media users, we should selectively draw out information from these websites to counter-check with other available sources to ensure the reliability of the news.

With these steps in place, it will further strengthen the credibility of the Internet, allowing it to become a better source of information and research.

In sum, the prospects of new media are clear. As we enter an era that places great emphasis on freedom of speech, I do believe that new media, given its unique characteristics, will overpower the traditional media, and eventually become the biggest factor of communication in time to come.

Written as part of the assignment for Ngee Ann Polytechnic’s Global Issues: Singapore Perspectives module.

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Should R21 movies be allowed in neighbourhood cinemas?

Lim Guohao

Film classification in Singapore first began in 1991, where films are being rated into three categories (G, PG, and R18) under a single-tier censorship system, based on the film’s sexual, political, racial and religious contents. As times improve, there is a higher demand for more choices to the movies shown in Singapore, thus more classification categories, such as PG13, NC16, M18 and R21 are introduced to provide a varied and informed choice for the consumers, as well as to uphold the social values and national interests.

However, as technology and globalization permits, young consumers can now obtain restricted contents from the Internet easily, which leads many to argue that censorship in Singapore should be relaxed since it has become less effective in controlling contents young consumers are exposed to nowadays. One of the suggestions is to allow R21 movies to be shown in neighbourhood cinemas. However, I feel that R21 should continue to be disallowed in these neighbourhood cinemas as these places are highly populated with young consumers, and that easy accessibility to these places may seem to encourage them to view these contents. More importantly, neighbourhood cinemas are supposed to be family-orientated, where contents shown are of suitable for all ages.

Currently, Singapore is encouraging a media environment that is of a co-regulation approach, in which more social responsibilities is passed down to the media players, parents and individual consumers. However, I feel that the public is not ready to welcome a media environment that is of great freedom given the followings:

Firstly, when responsibilities are passed on to the media players, many do not practice high frequency checks at cinema entrances or at ticketing box offices. Not only that, there are also no mitigating measures to prevent any underage consumers from buying tickets via the online or phone booking system. Besides, because of the non-standardized procedures for checks, young consumers who are mature in looking may be able to go by the loopholes and find ways to sneak into the cinemas to watch these restricted contents.

Moreover, from 1995, the then Board of Film Censors had delivered a severe verbal warning to several cinemas after they found that ushers at some places did not check the ages of some patrons, who could have been minors, before admitting them to restricted movies. From then, movie operators are required to foot a $20,000 security deposit for an annual licence in order to exhibit R21, M18 and NC16 films, and should they breach the terms, their licence and deposit will be forfeited. Such implementations are still valid till now, and this shows that cinemas have yet to come out with a complete solution into dealing such cases.

Thus, by disallowing R21 movies in neighbourhood cinemas, it will prevent more cases of unwanted access of young consumers to restricted movie contents.

Secondly, for the public’s responses, given the CRC report 2010 survey results, 57% of the respondents are in support to retain the ban for R21 movies in neighbourhood cinemas. Focus groups, consisting of industry representatives and the public majorly are also in favour of retaining the R21 ban in neighbourhood cinemas. Moreover, in Singapore, we observe that there are growing households which having both parents to work in the day, this in turn restricts the ability of them to control their kids from monitoring what movies they are watching in the cinemas during after-school hours, especially those which are near schools. Thus, we see that parental controls are still limited and that the R21 ban policy is able to act as a “media gatekeeper” in which it limits the contents young consumers can get within their easy reach.

As for individual consumers, especially the young, curiosity may be an encouraging factor for them to challenge the policy since these channels are made readily available to them. More importantly, as we know that the media is able to educate and influence, learning from the magic bullet theory and cultivation theory, the audience will absorb the information given passively and may cultivate the ideas shown through repeated emphasis. Thus, when young audience get exposed to movies that portray sexual, racial, religious or even non-mainstream messages like “Sita sings the blue” and “Lust Caution” and “Brokeback Mountain”, they may not be able to decipher between reality and the story plots, which will cultivate in their minds that these acts are acceptable by the public, which is otherwise in reality. Thus, to upload national social values such as “Family as the basic unit of society” and “Racial and religious harmony”, R21 movies should be kept far from young consumers’ daily reach.

Though many may argue that modern technology may enable young consumers to retrieve contents that are restricted by the government easily, however, retaining the policies, especially R21 movies to be disallowed in neighbourhood cinemas, continues to act as a powerful message to the consumers, informing them of what are the behaviours or beliefs that are inappropriate in Singapore. Unless the media players and parents are able to work hand in hand to protect the interests of young, policies such as retaining the R21 ban in neighbourhood cinemas should stay.

Written as part of the assignment for Ngee Ann Polytechnic’s Media Ethics, Law and Policy module.

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穿T恤牛仔裤上学很土?

林国豪 报道

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天气酷热,穿拖鞋、短裤或短裙上学,是为了方便在校园里走动,还是为了追赶时尚?

最近,多名就读某理工学院的学生因身穿短裙和拖鞋上学,触犯学校的衣着准则,接获口头警告。

针对这个问题,理工学院学生有话说。17岁的林博荣说:“新加坡的天气那么热,如果穿牛仔裤和长袖衣服上学,没到课室就已经全身湿透,那我们要怎么专心上课?”

也有学生认为传统的T恤搭牛仔裤很土气,18岁的张崴认为,年轻人应该大胆亮出“本钱”,不应该将自己最值钱的青春“隐藏”起来。

中学生又是如何看待大专生目前的穿着打扮?请上omy《青春》看完整报道。
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Should the symbolic 100-website ban be lifted?

Lim Guohao

In the Year 2010 Censorship Review Committee Report (CRC Report), the Committee recommended that the symbolic 100-website ban imposed by the government should be lifted.

The local government practices a light-touch approach to the Internet regulation in Singapore since July 1996, where users do not require prior approval from MDA to operate a website. However, a 100-website ban was introduced in the 1990s, where the government bans websites that contains mainly pornographic contents, or sites that incite racial and religious intolerance, as a symbol to reflect the community’s stand against objectionable web content and social values.

Many argued that the policy is losing its effectiveness as the Internet is overflowing with excessive information at a rapid rate in which the government may find it hard to control.  However, I feel that the 100-website ban should stay as the policy continues to serve as an important message to the public in regards to non-mainstream ideals or culture. More so, adapting from the Cultivation theory, users, under the intense media usage, will also be cultivated with standardized and acceptable behaviors in Singapore.

Currently, Singapore is encouraging a media environment that fosters 3-prong social responsibility approach, in which more responsibilities are passed down to the media players, parents and individual consumers. However, I feel that the public is not ready to welcome a media environment that is of total-freedom given the followings:

Firstly, when responsibilities were passed down to the media players previously through the recommendation for more Internet content filters, such services were inadequately promoted and the relevant products produced by the media players were minimal. Also, given the survey conducted by the CRC, over 60% of the households with children are not aware of such filters available from the Internet providers, which are Singtel and Starhub.

Furthermore, given the Internet as a targeted medium, the Internet media players did not take the initiative to practice self-censorship by instilling restriction or verification measures to cater to the different needs of the various age groups.

Thus, we can see that the media players are not ready to welcome a total-freedom Internet environment that requires high level of censorship.

Secondly, the public, or more so the parents themselves, felt that they are not ready to take up the full responsibility in controlling the contents the young are accessing on the Internet. In the CRC report survey, 67% of the respondents supported retaining the policy, and 38% of them even recommend the authorities to expand the scope in order to cover more websites for ban. In Singapore, we can observe that there are growing households which having both parents to work in the day, this in turn restricts the ability of them to control their kids from accessing inappropriate contents from the web.   Another reason would be, there are still parents who are not technology-inclined, and they find it impossible to set computer barriers for their kids. Thus, given the lack of cyber wellness knowledge of parents, the policy would be a more effective approach in instilling social values amongst the young.

As for the individual consumers, cyber awareness is still lacking among the users, especially the young, as we see more than 20,000 cyber crime cases per year in Singapore (22,711 in 2005; 19,522 in 2007, Singapore Department of Statistics, 2008). Such figure is worrying, as it ranks Singapore second in the Internet crime rates globally. Not only that, we see a shift in how consumers consume media contents nowadays, 71.8% of the users aged 15-17 interviewed in the CRC survey only viewed contents online, in comparison to nearly 20% in 2007. Given such high penetration rates, tighter governmental controls should be in place to ensure that the “gatekeeper” role is well performed.

Thus, to ensure that the 3-prong censorship approach is effective, we must ensure that all the media players, the individuals and the government work hand in hand, and that the public does not just rely on the government to do the job. However, given current local trends as mentioned above, I feel that public is not ready to welcome such total-freedom Internet environment. Thus, despite the foreseen increased costs, governmental controls, such as the 100-website ban, should stay as it continues to serve as an important tool to convey the stand of the mass public with regards to sensitive issues. However, tighter controls such as forming Internet police squads like what Australia has been doing, and expanding the website ban coverage could be done. More importantly, more public education on cyber wellness should be conducted through the means of seminars; interactive activities or TV shows to educate the public on potential Internet risks, in order to progress towards the aim of achieving a total-freedom Internet environment.

Moreover, governments from all around the world are concerned about how to protect the young Internet users from objectionable content. Even in the free media of Korea, a network securitycommitteewas set up to monitorthe objectionable information.Thus, the 100-website ban should stay, and together with more mitigating measures, it will aid in shaping the norm social values amongst the young web users, and that they are denied from undesirable materials.

Written as part of the assignment for Ngee Ann Polytechnic’s Media Ethics, Law and Policy module.

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上网评论大专课程

林国豪 报道

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电台节目制作、录像制作、化学基础学和英文写作,在选修这些自己不擅长的科目前,是不是希望有学长学姐能提供实用的建议,让自己的学习过程更“轻松”?

本地出现了一个教学新网站,今年初成立至今,已有超过1000人为本地8所主流大专学府中的8923科目进行个人评点。

网站创办人在网上透露,设立网站是为了让学生在选修制定科目前,与学长学姐们在网站上进行交流,帮助学生更准确地选择适合自己的科目。

除了从学生角度给予意见,用户还能为课程的内容、功课量、个人经验以及教师的教学进行打分。

这个网站还提供什么服务?到 omy《青春》看全文!
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强制本地学生 读中国4大名著?

林国豪 报道

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中国4大名著至今仍历久不衰,许多国家更借鉴里头的人物情节,翻拍成电影、电视剧等。

但是,你知道中国4大名著是哪4部作品吗?学生记者访问学生对4大名著的认识,竟发现有过半的受访学生不知什么是中国4大名著!

中学生陈延霆(14岁)说:“除非考试会考,不然我不会碰这些难懂、看了又会让人想睡觉的东西。”

然而,还是有少部分的受访者能列出4大名著。初级学院生吴杰明则认为,本地教育部应该强制学生去读这些作品。

中国4大名著是哪几部?你认为本地教育部应强制学生读这些作品吗?上omy《青春》阅读全文,并发表你的意见。
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思维上的扭曲与陷阱

人们在感到压力大时,思维容易被扭曲。管理好自己的想法,并观察他人的想法很重要,因为它可以确保一个人不会陷入思维阻碍,也能更好应对思维的扭曲。意识到这些常见的思维“陷阱”,能够解决和扭转它们。

常见的思维陷阱 (Common thinking traps):

  • “灾难”化 Catastrophizing —深信某些事比实际情况更糟,并将它与自身的应对能力联系起来:“这是有史以来最糟糕的事情。我永远不会战胜它。” 
  • 高估 Overestimation — 预测坏的事情会发生,即便可能性很低:“如果我分享我的感受,每个人都会认为我很弱。”
  • “过度概括”恐惧 Overgeneralizing fears — 拿别人的例子和自己的做概括性的比较:“街上有人生病了。大家都要生病了。”
  • “黑白分明”思维 Black and white thinking — 所谓的黑白分明思维是将一件事或一个人两极化,要么是完美,不然就是可怕的,没有灰色地带: “我不喜欢那个市长今晚在新闻上说的话。她是一个可怕的人!”
  • 忽视正面信息 Ignoring the positive — 对积极的经历或事物不屑一顾,好像它们不那么重要或不重要。

这些思维的陷阱中,每一个都和”消极的偏见(negativity bias)”有关。大脑倾向于专注在坏的事情很有可能会发生。若意识到自己常陷入这种状况时,应采取必要措施,尽量减少受到这些思维陷阱的影响,或者积极战争它。

如何克服这些思维扭曲的情况?

  1. 查清事实 Check the facts 

我们不需要相信我们所想到或所听到的一切,尤其是当人们倾向于专注在负面信息多过于正面信息时。问问自己这些问题。

  • 这个忧虑有多‘准确’?“How accurate is this worry?”
  • 这个忧虑发生的‘可能性’有多大?“How likely is this worry to occur?”
  • 这个忧虑或想法对我是否有‘帮助’?“How helpful is this worry or thought?”

2. 正面思考

有时刻意地让自己往正面思考方向走,在潜移默化中,能让自己避开陷入一些负面的思想漩涡里。

  • 和他人或自己对话时,尽量保持乐观。
  • 专注在你可以控制的事物上;放开那些你无法控制的。培养耐心、宽容和毅力,相信只要每天持续练习,一定可以达到积极乐观的目标,并且不要放弃。
  • 积极寻找那些进展顺利、或是好的事情,并且为它们的发生而心存感激,即使是最小的事情——并给予它们和自己肯定。
  • 重新找到自己生命的意义和动力。每天早上起来,第一件事就是问问自己,你今天的不妙是什么——让别人的生活过得更好?为一个项目做出充分的贡献?给家人带来欢愉的一天?
  • 时刻提醒自己是有价值的。记下来,并且记住它们。让这些自我价值,成为推动你度过任何危机的动力。
  • 什么对你来说是最重要的,或是迫切需要去解决的?列出清单,然后按顺序完成它们。

3. 暂时避免接触任何传统或社交媒体

有些时候,过度接受不必要的信息,会导致一个人感到焦虑。适时抽离,并问自己以下这几个问题:

  • 观看这些内容可以让我懂得更好地控制情绪吗?
  • 它是否给我更积极正面的思考能力?
  • 观看这些内容后,我自己感觉更愉悦吗?

对上述三道题,如果你的答案都是‘没有’,那么适时从媒体内容抽离,或许可以让你静下心来,聆听自己内心真正的想法。

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Critics 评论 News 新闻报道

Push to use new tech must not leave seniors behind

Lim Guohao

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The current generation is rarely awed by new gadgets or new media, but for the older generation, new technology seems like a brand new world.

For example, my parents thought it was peculiar to see fishmongers selling their fresh goods online.

They don’t think it is the way to sustain businesses. They still prefer human-to-human interactions where you can bargain for prices and chat during your grocery shopping.

More seniors own smartphones, but are they equipped with Internet security knowledge? Many were encouraged to set up their PayNow or debit and credit card credentials, but know little about how these technologies work.

They may not know how the money flows or how the mechanics work, and are unsure where and how to check transactions.

Though technology has advanced and improved our lives, I feel the Infocomm Media Development Authority (IMDA) should step up and educate seniors.

More televised programmes should be made on how these technologies work.

I find it a little amusing that the elderly are encouraged to hop on to YouTube and watch videos, when most barely know how to operate their smartphones, much less navigate the Web.

Put ourselves in their shoes, and use traditional mediums to educate them, so that they can gradually learn how to use modern technology, instead of being scared off and prevented from receiving salient information.

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Critics 评论 Features 专题报道 News 新闻报道

Black Mirror: 2010年解剖人性的剧集

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在观看影片之前,同事和我说,剧情曲折离奇,完全会出乎你的意料。它不会是你在本地电视上看到的家庭轻松剧,打打闹闹,而是探索人类最深层、最黑暗,最匪夷所思的部分。

Black Mirror一共分为3集,每集大约1小时。首集名为《天佑吾主》,说的是某国家首相Michael Callow(罗里·金奈尔饰)在熟睡中被一通紧急电话震醒,后得知皇室成员Susannah公主遭人劫持,但绑匪提出的条件,不是大笔赎金,也不是要求解放人质,而是….让首相受到全世界的屈辱。他必须和一头母猪发生性行为,以尝试拯救公主。

原本想找替身“上阵”,官方这时却收到了一只被截下的手指,在可怕的社会舆论下,原本百分之25的民调骤升至85,认为首相应该舍身救人。

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最终,Michael Callow与猪只发生了性行为,公主也“获救”。但其实,她早在首相“履行承诺”时被释放,,而肇祸的当地著名的艺术家也自尽,并证实了手指属于他,但干案动机永远不明。

1年过去,公主有了身孕,在镜头面前和丈夫大秀恩爱。Michael Callow也在媒体采访时,和妻子表现亲热。但是,回到家中才发现是“貌合神离”。

这里提供有些思考点:人的欲望是什么?追求目标的动机从何而来?何谓心理的“扭曲”?出乎意料的勒索、故事铺陈和结局,究竟要观众看到人心里看不见的什么东西?

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News 新闻报道

年轻人重视隐私 没法忍受情人查手机!

林国豪 报道   图片源自互联网   原文刊载于omy.sg

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别说是父母, 即使是热恋中伴侣, 大多青少年最无法忍受, 对方私自查看手机内容!

一段良好的感情,不应该存在着任何的秘密。然而,未经过对方的同意,私自查看伴侣的手机简讯和通讯记录,对于一般青少年而言,究竟是爱的表现,还是侵犯隐私的越轨举动?

国大附中高一生陈靖晴认为,恋爱中的情侣,应该给彼此喘气的空间,不应该私下调查对方的任何行为,因为这意味着不信任和不尊重。

义安理工学院网络安全与研发系三年级林志聪(19岁)也表示,私下查看对方的手机,甚至是书包里的内容更是一种病态,因为这代表一个人的占有欲,已经到了走火入魔的地步,行为叫人无法忍受。

不过,也有一些青少年可以接手对方查看手机内容,但只限于“次要内容”。

新加坡理工学院活动与企划管理系黄伟玲(19岁)可接受的范围包括查阅照片和歌单。但她也说:“如果对方打开我的简讯信箱,或是通话记录,我就会直接发火,因为我觉得他不尊重我。”

不可私自查看手机内容,但如果在使用的过程中,朋友突然发来简讯,青少年可否接受伴侣代为回复?

义安理工学院视听与传播系三年级林健伟(19岁)说:“要因情况而定,如果是男生,我无所谓。但如果是女生,我就不会同意,毕竟我也有交朋友的权力,女生通常在回复女生时,态度都比较恶劣。”

新加坡国立大学经济系二年级唐捷(20岁)则说:“可以,因为我平常很懒惰回复简讯,正好他可以帮我解决这个麻烦。”

卡普兰学院媒体系二年级张滋泫(20岁)则说,自己必须监督整个回复的过程,因为会担心对方,发出不该发出的内容。

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不少青少年透露,之所以不允许任何人接触手机里的简讯或通话内容,主要担心对方会擅自抄取,甚至“滥用”里头的重要内容。

唐捷说:“我曾经有一个男友,偷用我的手机记下我姐妹的号码。刚好有一次我和他吵架,他就打给我的姐妹求救,我很意外,为什么他会有我朋友的号码,后来才发现他是偷抄的,后来就分手了。”

林志聪也表示,对方会在吵架时,利用简讯里的内容大作文章,指责我劈腿,不然就是其他人太亲密,但事实并非如此。所以,为了避免误会,最好不要让对方看手机里的内容。

黄思烈透露,曾经遇过一个女生利用男友的电话,向和他表白的女生调情,让她误会自己男友对她有好感。过后,她还向朋友炫耀自己的所为,并说对方是花痴。

除了担心朋友的资料被滥用,许多青少年对现有的感情仍存有着不确定,担心如果和对方分手,这些被“盗取”的资料或成为威胁他们的工具。

林志聪表示,他经常在公民记者的网站上,看到女生或男生的照片被胡乱上载,他担心若和对方分手,原因由因他而起,对方会愤怒而把简讯内容,或是亲密照片公诸于世。

黄思烈也担心,对方或可利用一些私人内容,威胁自己。

不能私下偷看内容,青少年是否认为,应该主动向对方报备自己的行踪,好让伴侣放心?

唐捷要求对方时时刻刻报备行踪,但自己则不会那么做,因为他认为男生比较容易会劈腿,女生则较为忠贞于爱情。

陈靖晴认为,不一定需要每换一个地点都报备,但起码对方问起时,应该说明。林健伟则认为,报备行踪是双方互尽的责任,也可增进彼此的信任与感情。 Screen Shot 2016-06-27 at 2.44.11 PM

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Media Events 媒体活动 News 新闻报道

谭咏麟 x 李克勤再次携手 打造殿堂级演唱会!

(图 / 互联网)

林国豪 整理

暌违6年,校长谭咏麟和李克勤,将再度携手,在新加坡打造殿堂级演唱会!

谭咏麟与李克勤的好默契是大家众所周知的,这次能再度双剑合璧,在本地开场肯定是本地歌迷的福气!单在去年新春期间,他们在香港举行了12场演唱会,常常爆满。 这也是他们自2008 年红管装修后的头炮之作!

除了香港以外, 两人也巡回了中国多个城市如佛山、惠州、深圳、南宁、中山以及马来西亚。其他站还包括了苏州、常州、澳洲悉尼等地。

这次的演唱会,除了合唱歌曲, 他们也会带来多首自己的好歌,配搭大家久违的幽默与风趣!

李克勤说:“经过这么多年,我们的演唱会就快到一百场,很多校长的歌我都觉得变了我的歌,我的歌也变了他的歌。一个人唱和两个人唱,感觉很不同,味道很不一样。 ”至于特别嘉宾的部分,暂时先卖个关子!

左麟右李 新加坡演唱会 2010演唱会是由UnUsUaL Entertainment 呈现。

 

《左麟右李 新加坡演唱会 2010》

Alan Tam & Hacken Lee Live in Singapore

日期: 2010 年 5 月 29 日 (星期六)

时间: 晚上 8点

地点: 新加坡室内体育馆

票价: $178*, $158*, $138*, $118*, $88*  (未包括 SISTIC 收费)

SISTIC 订票热线: 6348 5555

网址:www.unusual.com.sg